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Answer Set Programming for Continuous Domains: A Fuzzy Logic Approach

Answer Set Programming for Continuous Domains: A Fuzzy Logic Approach PDF Author: Jeroen Janssen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9491216597
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 174

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Book Description
Answer set programming (ASP) is a declarative language tailored towards solving combinatorial optimization problems. It has been successfully applied to e.g. planning problems, configuration and verification of software, diagnosis and database repairs. However, ASP is not directly suitable for modeling problems with continuous domains. Such problems occur naturally in diverse fields such as the design of gas and electricity networks, computer vision and investment portfolios. To overcome this problem we study FASP, a combination of ASP with fuzzy logic -- a class of manyvalued logics that can handle continuity. We specifically focus on the following issues: 1. An important question when modeling continuous optimization problems is how we should handle overconstrained problems, i.e. problems that have no solutions. In many cases we can opt to accept an imperfect solution, i.e. a solution that does not satisfy all the stated rules (constraints). However, this leads to the question: what imperfect solutions should we choose? We investigate this question and improve upon the state-of-the-art by proposing an approach based on aggregation functions. 2. Users of a programming language often want a rich language that is easy to model in. However, implementers and theoreticians prefer a small language that is easy to implement and reason about. We create a bridge between these two desires by proposing a small core language for FASP and by showing that this language is capable of expressing many of its common extensions such as constraints, monotonically decreasing functions, aggregators, S-implicators and classical negation. 3. A well-known technique for solving ASP consists of translating a program P to a propositional theory whose models exactly correspond to the answer sets of P. We show how this technique can be generalized to FASP, paving the way to implement efficient fuzzy answer set solvers that can take advantage of existing fuzzy reasoners.

Answer Set Programming for Continuous Domains: A Fuzzy Logic Approach

Answer Set Programming for Continuous Domains: A Fuzzy Logic Approach PDF Author: Jeroen Janssen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9491216597
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 174

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Book Description
Answer set programming (ASP) is a declarative language tailored towards solving combinatorial optimization problems. It has been successfully applied to e.g. planning problems, configuration and verification of software, diagnosis and database repairs. However, ASP is not directly suitable for modeling problems with continuous domains. Such problems occur naturally in diverse fields such as the design of gas and electricity networks, computer vision and investment portfolios. To overcome this problem we study FASP, a combination of ASP with fuzzy logic -- a class of manyvalued logics that can handle continuity. We specifically focus on the following issues: 1. An important question when modeling continuous optimization problems is how we should handle overconstrained problems, i.e. problems that have no solutions. In many cases we can opt to accept an imperfect solution, i.e. a solution that does not satisfy all the stated rules (constraints). However, this leads to the question: what imperfect solutions should we choose? We investigate this question and improve upon the state-of-the-art by proposing an approach based on aggregation functions. 2. Users of a programming language often want a rich language that is easy to model in. However, implementers and theoreticians prefer a small language that is easy to implement and reason about. We create a bridge between these two desires by proposing a small core language for FASP and by showing that this language is capable of expressing many of its common extensions such as constraints, monotonically decreasing functions, aggregators, S-implicators and classical negation. 3. A well-known technique for solving ASP consists of translating a program P to a propositional theory whose models exactly correspond to the answer sets of P. We show how this technique can be generalized to FASP, paving the way to implement efficient fuzzy answer set solvers that can take advantage of existing fuzzy reasoners.

Computational Intelligence

Computational Intelligence PDF Author: Christophe Sabourin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030164691
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 352

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Book Description
This book presents revised and extended versions of the best papers presented at the 9th International Joint Conference on Computational Intelligence (IJCCI 2017), held in Funchal, Madeira, from 1 to 3 November 2017. It focuses on four of the main fields of computational intelligence: evolutionary computation, fuzzy computation, neural computation, and cognitive and hybrid systems. As well as presenting the recent advances of these areas, it provides new and innovative solutions for established researchers and a source of information and/or inspiration those new to the field. Discussing innovative techniques in various application areas, it is a useful resource for individual researchers and a valuable addition to academic libraries (of universities and engineering schools).

A Guided Tour of Artificial Intelligence Research

A Guided Tour of Artificial Intelligence Research PDF Author: Pierre Marquis
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030061671
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 523

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Book Description
The purpose of this book is to provide an overview of AI research, ranging from basic work to interfaces and applications, with as much emphasis on results as on current issues. It is aimed at an audience of master students and Ph.D. students, and can be of interest as well for researchers and engineers who want to know more about AI. The book is split into three volumes: - the first volume brings together twenty-three chapters dealing with the foundations of knowledge representation and the formalization of reasoning and learning (Volume 1. Knowledge representation, reasoning and learning) - the second volume offers a view of AI, in fourteen chapters, from the side of the algorithms (Volume 2. AI Algorithms) - the third volume, composed of sixteen chapters, describes the main interfaces and applications of AI (Volume 3. Interfaces and applications of AI). This second volume presents the main families of algorithms developed or used in AI to learn, to infer, to decide. Generic approaches to problem solving are presented: ordered heuristic search, as well as metaheuristics are considered. Algorithms for processing logic-based representations of various types (first-order formulae, propositional formulae, logic programs, etc.) and graphical models of various types (standard constraint networks, valued ones, Bayes nets, Markov random fields, etc.) are presented. The volume also focuses on algorithms which have been developed to simulate specific ‘intelligent” processes such as planning, playing, learning, and extracting knowledge from data. Finally, an afterword draws a parallel between algorithmic problems in operation research and in AI.

Computational Intelligence Systems in Industrial Engineering

Computational Intelligence Systems in Industrial Engineering PDF Author: Cengiz Kahraman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9491216775
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 684

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Book Description
Industrial engineering is a branch of engineering dealing with the optimization of complex processes or systems. It is concerned with the development, improvement, implementation and evaluation of production and service systems. Computational Intelligence Systems find a wide application area in industrial engineering: neural networks in forecasting, fuzzy sets in capital budgeting, ant colony optimization in scheduling, Simulated Annealing in optimization, etc. This book will include most of the application areas of industrial engineering through these computational intelligence systems. In the literature, there is no book including many real and practical applications of Computational Intelligence Systems from the point of view of Industrial Engineering. Every chapter will include explanatory and didactic applications. It is aimed that the book will be a main source for MSc and PhD students.

Computational Intelligence for Traffic and Mobility

Computational Intelligence for Traffic and Mobility PDF Author: Wuhong Wang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9491216805
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 340

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Book Description
This book presents the new development of computation intelligence for traffic, transportation and mobility, the main contents include traffic safety, mobility analysis, intelligent transportation system, smart vehicle, transportation behavior, driver modeling and assistance, transportation risk analysis and reliability system analysis, vehicle operation and active safety, urban traffic management and planning.

Decision Aid Models for Disaster Management and Emergencies

Decision Aid Models for Disaster Management and Emergencies PDF Author: Begoña Vitoriano
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9491216740
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 325

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Book Description
Disaster management is a process or strategy that is implemented when any type of catastrophic event takes place. The process may be initiated when anything threatens to disrupt normal operations or puts the lives of human beings at risk. Governments on all levels as well as many businesses create some sort of disaster plan that make it possible to overcome the catastrophe and return to normal function as quickly as possible. Response to natural disasters (e.g., floods, earthquakes) or technological disaster (e.g., nuclear, chemical) is an extreme complex process that involves severe time pressure, various uncertainties, high non-linearity and many stakeholders. Disaster management often requires several autonomous agencies to collaboratively mitigate, prepare, respond, and recover from heterogeneous and dynamic sets of hazards to society. Almost all disasters involve high degrees of novelty to deal with most unexpected various uncertainties and dynamic time pressures. Existing studies and approaches within disaster management have mainly been focused on some specific type of disasters with certain agency oriented. There is a lack of a general framework to deal with similarities and synergies among different disasters by taking their specific features into account. This book provides with various decisions analysis theories and support tools in complex systems in general and in disaster management in particular. The book is also generated during a long-term preparation of a European project proposal among most leading experts in the areas related to the book title. Chapters are evaluated based on quality and originality in theory and methodology, application oriented, relevance to the title of the book.

Web Reasoning and Rule Systems

Web Reasoning and Rule Systems PDF Author: Axel Polleres
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642050824
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 269

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Book Description
ThepromiseoftheSemanticWeb,atits most expansive, is to allow knowledge to be freely accessed and exchanged by software. It is now recognized that if the SemanticWebis to containdeepknowledge,theneedfornewrepresentationand reasoning techniques is going to be critical. These techniques need to ?nd the righttrade-o?betweenexpressiveness,scalabilityandrobustnesstodealwiththe inherently incomplete, contradictory and uncertain nature of knowledge on the Web. The International Conference on Web Reasoning and Rule Systems (RR) was founded to address these needs and has grown into a major international forum in this area. The third RR conference was held during October 25–26, 2009 in Chantilly, Virginia, co-located with the International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2009). This year 41 papers were submitted from authors in 21 countries. The P- gram Committee performed outstandingly to ensure that each paper submitted to RR 2009 was thoroughly reviewed by at least three referees in a short - riod of time. The resulting conference presented papers of high quality on many of the key issues for reasoning on the Semantic Web. RR 2009 was fortunate to have two distinguished invited speakers. Robert Kowalski, in his talk “- tegrating Logic Programming and Production Systems with Abductive Logic Programming Agents” addressed some of the fundamental considerations - hind reasoning about evolving systems. Benjamin Grossof’s talk “SILK: Higher Level Rules with Defaults and Semantic Scalability” described the design of a major next-generation rule system. The invited tutorial “Uncertainty Reas- ing for the Semantic Web” by Thomas Lukasiewicz provided perspectives on a central issue in this area.

Issues in Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and Machine Learning: 2013 Edition

Issues in Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and Machine Learning: 2013 Edition PDF Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1490105972
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 1209

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Book Description
Issues in Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and Machine Learning: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Expert Systems. The editors have built Issues in Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and Machine Learning: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Expert Systems in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and Machine Learning: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Beyond Traditional Probabilistic Data Processing Techniques: Interval, Fuzzy etc. Methods and Their Applications

Beyond Traditional Probabilistic Data Processing Techniques: Interval, Fuzzy etc. Methods and Their Applications PDF Author: Olga Kosheleva
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030310418
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 649

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Book Description
Data processing has become essential to modern civilization. The original data for this processing comes from measurements or from experts, and both sources are subject to uncertainty. Traditionally, probabilistic methods have been used to process uncertainty. However, in many practical situations, we do not know the corresponding probabilities: in measurements, we often only know the upper bound on the measurement errors; this is known as interval uncertainty. In turn, expert estimates often include imprecise (fuzzy) words from natural language such as "small"; this is known as fuzzy uncertainty. In this book, leading specialists on interval, fuzzy, probabilistic uncertainty and their combination describe state-of-the-art developments in their research areas. Accordingly, the book offers a valuable guide for researchers and practitioners interested in data processing under uncertainty, and an introduction to the latest trends and techniques in this area, suitable for graduate students.

Mathematical Reviews

Mathematical Reviews PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description