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Biological Emergences

Biological Emergences PDF Author: Robert G. B. Reid
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262264420
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 536

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Book Description
A critique of selectionism and the proposal of an alternate theory of emergent evolution that is causally sufficient for evolutionary biology. Natural selection is commonly interpreted as the fundamental mechanism of evolution. Questions about how selection theory can claim to be the all-sufficient explanation of evolution often go unanswered by today's neo-Darwinists, perhaps for fear that any criticism of the evolutionary paradigm will encourage creationists and proponents of intelligent design. In Biological Emergences, Robert Reid argues that natural selection is not the cause of evolution. He writes that the causes of variations, which he refers to as natural experiments, are independent of natural selection; indeed, he suggests, natural selection may get in the way of evolution. Reid proposes an alternative theory to explain how emergent novelties are generated and under what conditions they can overcome the resistance of natural selection. He suggests that what causes innovative variation causes evolution, and that these phenomena are environmental as well as organismal. After an extended critique of selectionism, Reid constructs an emergence theory of evolution, first examining the evidence in three causal arenas of emergent evolution: symbiosis/association, evolutionary physiology/behavior, and developmental evolution. Based on this evidence of causation, he proposes some working hypotheses, examining mechanisms and processes common to all three arenas, and arrives at a theoretical framework that accounts for generative mechanisms and emergent qualities. Without selectionism, Reid argues, evolutionary innovation can more easily be integrated into a general thesis. Finally, Reid proposes a biological synthesis of rapid emergent evolutionary phases and the prolonged, dynamically stable, non-evolutionary phases imposed by natural selection.

Biological Emergences

Biological Emergences PDF Author: Robert G. B. Reid
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262264420
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 536

View

Book Description
A critique of selectionism and the proposal of an alternate theory of emergent evolution that is causally sufficient for evolutionary biology. Natural selection is commonly interpreted as the fundamental mechanism of evolution. Questions about how selection theory can claim to be the all-sufficient explanation of evolution often go unanswered by today's neo-Darwinists, perhaps for fear that any criticism of the evolutionary paradigm will encourage creationists and proponents of intelligent design. In Biological Emergences, Robert Reid argues that natural selection is not the cause of evolution. He writes that the causes of variations, which he refers to as natural experiments, are independent of natural selection; indeed, he suggests, natural selection may get in the way of evolution. Reid proposes an alternative theory to explain how emergent novelties are generated and under what conditions they can overcome the resistance of natural selection. He suggests that what causes innovative variation causes evolution, and that these phenomena are environmental as well as organismal. After an extended critique of selectionism, Reid constructs an emergence theory of evolution, first examining the evidence in three causal arenas of emergent evolution: symbiosis/association, evolutionary physiology/behavior, and developmental evolution. Based on this evidence of causation, he proposes some working hypotheses, examining mechanisms and processes common to all three arenas, and arrives at a theoretical framework that accounts for generative mechanisms and emergent qualities. Without selectionism, Reid argues, evolutionary innovation can more easily be integrated into a general thesis. Finally, Reid proposes a biological synthesis of rapid emergent evolutionary phases and the prolonged, dynamically stable, non-evolutionary phases imposed by natural selection.

Disaster Nursing

Disaster Nursing PDF Author: Tener Goodwin Veenema, PhD, MPH, MS, CPNP, FAAN
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826121486
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 680

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Book Description
Read a fascinating interview with editor Tener Goodwin Veenema! Tener Veenema Interview Disaster planning and emergency preparedness have never been more critical to the nurses who serve as our front-line response. Today's pandemic threats of global terrorism, disease, and natural disasters make this comprehensive handbook of best practices a necessity--meeting the need for a nursing workforce that is adequately prepared to respond to any disaster or public health emergency. In addition to a thorough update based on the most recent recommendations, this second edition contains six new chapters: Emergency Health Services (EMS and other first responders) Burn Assessment and Management Explosive & Traumatic Terrorism Caring for High-Risk, High-Vulnerability Patients Emerging Infectious Disease (avian and other flu pandemics) Chemical Decontamination All content reflects the guidelines provided in the Federal Disaster Response Plan and the National Incident Management System (NIMS) and therapeutic recommendations from the national Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Disaster Nursing will prepare any nurse or EMS team to provide health care under a variety of disaster conditions.

Emergence in Complex, Cognitive, Social, and Biological Systems

Emergence in Complex, Cognitive, Social, and Biological Systems PDF Author: Gianfranco Minati
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461507537
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 394

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Book Description
The systems movement is made up of many systems societies as well as of disciplinary researchers and researches, explicitly or implicitly focusing on the subject of systemics, officially introduced in the scientific community fifty years ago. Many researches in different fields have been and continue to be sources of new ideas and challenges for the systems community. To this regard, a very important topic is the one of EMERGENCE. Between the goals for the actual and future systems scientists there is certainly the definition of a general theory of emergence and the building of a general model of it. The Italian Systems Society, Associazione Italiana per la Ricerca sui Sistemi (AIRS), decided to devote its Second National Conference to this subject. Because AIRS is organized under the form of a network of researchers, institutions, scholars, professionals, and teachers, its research activity has an impact at different levels and in different ways. Thus the topic of emergence was not only the focus of this conference but it is actually the main subject of many AIRS activities.

Emergency Response to Chemical and Biological Agents

Emergency Response to Chemical and Biological Agents PDF Author: John R. Cashman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420048445
Category : House & Home
Languages : en
Pages : 376

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Book Description
With the increasing availability of biological and chemical materials, the threat of terrorism grows daily. Innocent bystanders -the major targets of terrorists because they gain the most publicity - create a vast number of potential victims. In our changing world, horrendous violence has become commonplace. The growth of incidences involving chemical and biological agents has created a need for local response teams to be aware of the dangers they face. Emergency Response to Chemical and Biological Agents serves as a training manual for emergency responders who handle incidents involving biological and chemical hazardous materials. The author covers poisons such as nerve, blood, blister, and choking gases and biological agents such as anthrax, typhus, and cholera. Using examples ripped from the headlines, he explains what is and is not a terrorist act, and the difference in handling each incident. In addition the author explains the standard operating procedures of Hazardous Materials Teams before, during, and after an incident. Whether terrorist act or chemical spill, local responders usually reach the scene first. As these incidents multiply - and they will - these teams will need a blueprint for dealing with chemical and biological materials. Emergency Response to Chemical and Biological Agents provides a clear, concise plan of action for responding to these incidents.

Emergency Response Handbook for Chemical and Biological Agents and Weapons, Second Edition

Emergency Response Handbook for Chemical and Biological Agents and Weapons, Second Edition PDF Author: John R. Cashman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420052664
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 528

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Book Description
Updated to reflect the numerous advances that have evolved since the September 11 terrorist attacks, Emergency Response Handbook for Chemical and Biological Agents and Weapons, Second Edition maintains its reputation as a comprehensive training manual for emergency responders to incidents involving nuclear, biological, and chemical materials. Features more than 70% new and updated material! This second edition presents in-depth coverage of actual response techniques and new approaches for coping with critical situations caused by criminal activity, industrial accidents, or even mini-epidemics. Augmenting its coverage of field first aid for response personnel, this edition contains up-to-date tools such as checklists and streamlined procedures for on-scene coordination. It incorporates the latest detection devices, cost/recovery and hazard analyses, diagnostic methods, pretreatments, vaccines, decontamination techniques, antidotes, and medical treatments available. Includes a new perspective on the progress and projected developments for military protocols and procedures Emergency Response Handbook for Chemical and Biological Agents and Weapons, Second Edition can be used as an independent reference or in training courses for emergency responders, government agencies, hospitals, and commercial sectors handling chemical spills, biological threats, or radiation hazards.

An introduction to biological agent detection equipment for emergency first responders

An introduction to biological agent detection equipment for emergency first responders PDF Author:
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1428980784
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Department of Veterans Affairs Emergency Preparedness Research, Education, and Bio-terrorism Prevention Act of 2002

Department of Veterans Affairs Emergency Preparedness Research, Education, and Bio-terrorism Prevention Act of 2002 PDF Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Veterans' Affairs
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Bioterrorism
Languages : en
Pages : 23

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Pictured Glossary in Biology

Pictured Glossary in Biology PDF Author: Prof. Amal Attia El-Morsy Ibrahim
Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. USA
ISBN: 1618963686
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 3204

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Book Description
The glossary continues to be a valuable guidance tool for biological students those studying biology either in High Schools or Science Colleges as well as scientific researchers. Everything you need for learning biological terminology is right in your hands. The language of biology is rigorous. It is among the great tools of the mind for a better understanding and more accurate network between all biologists of the life sciences.The lists of prefixes, suffixes and terms arranged alphabetically, which lets students look terms up even if they are not sure about their exact spellings. It provides comprehensive coverage of biology, and biochemistry entries on key scientists.This glossary will contain 8000 scientific words expressing all biology branches (Zoology, Botany & Microbiology). The number of the glossary in this book is more than that found in Oxford Dictionary.

Fungal Biology in the Origin and Emergence of Life

Fungal Biology in the Origin and Emergence of Life PDF Author: David Moore
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107652774
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 239

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Book Description
Contents: 1.

Toxico-terrorism: Emergency Response and Clinical Approach to Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Agents

Toxico-terrorism: Emergency Response and Clinical Approach to Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Agents PDF Author: Robin McFee
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071471863
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 623

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Book Description
The emergency medicine expertise you need to prepare for--and manage--any type of bioterrorist attack! Written by emergency room physicians for emergency room physicians, Toxico-terrorism covers every essential aspect of the emergency medical response to microbial, radiological, and chemical agents of terrorism. Turn to any page, and you'll find lifesaving clinical strategies for the management of patients who have been exposed to a biologic, chemical, or nuclear agent. Features A logical, building-block organization filled with key tables and synoptic boxes Important coverage of pre-hospital and EMS issues Insights into the means of transmission, the modes of dispersal, and how secondary infection and/or contamination can occur Overview of bioterror-specific signs and symptoms A section on emergency department preparedness that reviews critical topics such as nursing triage, hospital/facility security, pharmacy preparedness, and hospital staff issues Up-to-date information on labs, microscopy, and radiology Key diagnostic criteria for all agents Thorough coverage of treatment strategies for all agents discussed in the book Infection control modalities Survey of prophylaxis strategies Valuable section on public health considerations