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Choice, Preferences, and Procedures

Choice, Preferences, and Procedures PDF Author: Kotaro Suzumura
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674727444
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 816

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Book Description
Social choice theory critically assesses and rationally designs economic mechanisms for improving human well-being. Kotaro Suzumura—one of the world’s foremost thinkers in social choice theory and welfare economics—fuses abstract ideas with real-world economies to examine foundational issues of normative economics and collective decision making.

Choice, Preferences, and Procedures

Choice, Preferences, and Procedures PDF Author: Kotaro Suzumura
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674727444
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 816

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Book Description
Social choice theory critically assesses and rationally designs economic mechanisms for improving human well-being. Kotaro Suzumura—one of the world’s foremost thinkers in social choice theory and welfare economics—fuses abstract ideas with real-world economies to examine foundational issues of normative economics and collective decision making.

National Choices and International Processes

National Choices and International Processes PDF Author: Zeev Maoz
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521365953
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 609

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Book Description
National Choices and International Processes will be of interest to students and specialists in foreign policy and international relations theory.

The Use of Operant Choice Procedures to Scale Animals' Food Preferences

The Use of Operant Choice Procedures to Scale Animals' Food Preferences PDF Author: Harold Lee Miller
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 128

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Book Description


The Economics of Public Choice

The Economics of Public Choice PDF Author: Paddy McNutt
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781781956649
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 337

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Book Description
The economics of public choice.

Fuzzy Decision Procedures with Binary Relations

Fuzzy Decision Procedures with Binary Relations PDF Author: Leonid Kitainik
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401119600
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 255

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Book Description
In decision theory there are basically two appr~hes to the modeling of individual choice: one is based on an absolute representation of preferences leading to a ntDnerical expression of preference intensity. This is utility theory. Another approach is based on binary relations that encode pairwise preference. While the former has mainly blossomed in the Anglo-Saxon academic world, the latter is mostly advocated in continental Europe, including Russia. The advantage of the utility theory approach is that it integrates uncertainty about the state of nature, that may affect the consequences of decision. Then, the problems of choice and ranking from the knowledge of preferences become trivial once the utility function is known. In the case of the relational approach, the model does not explicitly accounts for uncertainty, hence it looks less sophisticated. On the other hand it is more descriptive than normative in the first stand because it takes the pairwise preference pattern expressed by the decision-maker as it is and tries to make the best out of it. Especially the preference relation is not supposed to have any property. The main problem with the utility theory approach is the gap between what decision-makers are and can express, and what the theory would like them to be and to be capable of expressing. With the relational approach this gap does not exist, but the main difficulty is now to build up convincing choice rules and ranking rules that may help the decision process.

Presidential Primaries and the Dynamics of Public Choice

Presidential Primaries and the Dynamics of Public Choice PDF Author: Larry M. Bartels
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691221901
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 400

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Book Description
This innovative study blends sophisticated statistical analyses, campaign anecdotes, and penetrating political insight to produce a fascinating exploration of one of America's most controversial political institutions--the process by which our major parties nominate candidates for the presidency. Larry Bartels focuses on the nature and impact of "momentum" in the contemporary nominating system. He describes the complex interconnections among primary election results, expectations, and subsequent primary results that have made it possible for candidates like Jimmy Carter, George Bush, and Gary Hart to emerge from relative obscurity into political prominence in recent nominating campaigns. In the course of his analysis, he addresses questions central to any understanding--or evaluation--of the modern nominating process. How do fundamental political predispositions influence the behavior of primary voters? How quickly does the public learn about new candidates? Under what circumstances will primary success itself generate subsequent primary success? And what are the psychological processes underlying this dynamic tendency? Professor Bartels examines the likely consequences of some proposed alternatives to the current nominating process, including a regional primary system and a one-day national primary. Thus the work will be of interest to political activists, would-be reformers, and interested observers of the American political scene, as well as to students of public opinion, voting behavior, the news media, campaigns, and electoral institutions.

Preference, Belief, and Similarity

Preference, Belief, and Similarity PDF Author: Amos Tversky
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262700931
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 1040

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Book Description
Amos Tversky (1937–1996), a towering figure in cognitive and mathematical psychology, devoted his professional life to the study of similarity, judgment, and decision making. He had a unique ability to master the technicalities of normative ideals and then to intuit and demonstrate experimentally their systematic violation due to the vagaries and consequences of human information processing. He created new areas of study and helped transform disciplines as varied as economics, law, medicine, political science, philosophy, and statistics. This book collects forty of Tversky's articles, selected by him in collaboration with the editor during the last months of Tversky's life. It is divided into three sections: Similarity, Judgment, and Preferences. The Preferences section is subdivided into Probabilistic Models of Choice, Choice under Risk and Uncertainty, and Contingent Preferences. Included are several articles written with his frequent collaborator, Nobel Prize-winning economist Daniel Kahneman.

Informational Aspects of Procedures for Collective Choice

Informational Aspects of Procedures for Collective Choice PDF Author: Mark R. Johnson
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Group decision making
Languages : en
Pages : 636

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Book Description


Getting Started

Getting Started PDF Author: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC. Programs for the Improvement of Practice
Publisher: U.S. Government Printing Office
ISBN:
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 56

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Book Description
Outcomes of a series of meetings held in 1990 by the Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI) Roundtable on Public School Choice are summarized in this document's six chapters. Chapter 1 discusses the components (including motivations, vision formation, leadership, the design process, and the types of choice available) involved in creating distinctive schools. Chapter 2 presents strategies for information gathering and outreach efforts. Student assignment policies and procedures are described in the third chapter, with attention to equity concerns. Chapter 4 offers ideas for developing a safe, efficient, and fair transportation system. Strategies for financing choice programs which include keeping plans within funding limits, maintaining equity, and designing funding as an incentive are highlighted in the fifth chapter. Chapter 6 describes specific benefits and new roles associated with school choice. Recommendations are offered in the final section, which concludes that choice offers an opportunity for systemic change. Appendices include information about the OERI Roundtable on Public School Choice, the Roundtable choice programs, OERI publications on choice, selected recent publications on choice, selected sources of information, acknowledgments, and a choice program implementation checklist for communities. (LMI)

Judgments, Decisions, and Public Policy

Judgments, Decisions, and Public Policy PDF Author: Mothakapalli Venkatappa Rajeev Gowda
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521660846
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 372

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Book Description
Behavioral decision theory draws on experimental research in cognitive psychology to provide a descriptively accurate model of human behavior. It shows that people systematically violate the normative assumptions of economic rationality by miscalculating probabilities and making choices based on one-economic criteria. Behavioral decision theory s ability to capture the complexity of human judgments and choices makes it a useful foundation for improving public policy analysis, design, and implementation. This volume showcases the research of leading scholars who are working on applications of behavioral decision theory in diverse policy settings. It is designed to give policy analysts and practitioners who are non-psychologists a clearer understanding of the complexities of human judgment and choice, and an idea of how to integrate behavioral decision theoretic insights into the policy sciences. This interdisciplinary volume should be insightful and useful wherever people s judgments and choices matter for policy formulation, acceptance, and effectiveness.