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Classification, Evolution, and the Nature of Biology

Classification, Evolution, and the Nature of Biology PDF Author: Alec L. Panchen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521305822
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 415

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Book Description
Historically, naturalists who propose theories of evolution, including Darwin and Wallace, have done so in order to explain the apparent relationship of natural classification. This book begins by exploring the intimate historical relationship between patterns of classification and patterns of phylogeny. It is a circular argument, however, to use the data for classification and the concept of homology as evidence for evolution, when evolution is the theory explaining the phenomenon of natural classification. Alec Panchen presents other evidence for evolution in the form of a historically-based but rigorously logical argument. This is then followed by a history of methods of classification and phylogeny reconstruction including current mathematical and molecular techniques. The author makes the important claim that if the hierarchical pattern of classification is a real phenomenon, then biology is unique as a science in making taxonomic statements. This conclusion is reached by way of historical reviews of theories of evolutionary mechanism and the philosophy of science as applied to biology.

Classification, Evolution, and the Nature of Biology

Classification, Evolution, and the Nature of Biology PDF Author: Alec L. Panchen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521305822
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 415

View

Book Description
Historically, naturalists who propose theories of evolution, including Darwin and Wallace, have done so in order to explain the apparent relationship of natural classification. This book begins by exploring the intimate historical relationship between patterns of classification and patterns of phylogeny. It is a circular argument, however, to use the data for classification and the concept of homology as evidence for evolution, when evolution is the theory explaining the phenomenon of natural classification. Alec Panchen presents other evidence for evolution in the form of a historically-based but rigorously logical argument. This is then followed by a history of methods of classification and phylogeny reconstruction including current mathematical and molecular techniques. The author makes the important claim that if the hierarchical pattern of classification is a real phenomenon, then biology is unique as a science in making taxonomic statements. This conclusion is reached by way of historical reviews of theories of evolutionary mechanism and the philosophy of science as applied to biology.

Classification, Evolution, and the Nature of Biology

Classification, Evolution, and the Nature of Biology PDF Author: Alec L. Panchen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521315784
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 420

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Book Description
After exploring the relationship between patterns of classification and phylogeny, this text concludes that if the hierarchical pattern of classification is a real phenomenon, then the taxonomic statements of biology are unique.

Biological Classification

Biological Classification PDF Author: Richard A. Richards
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107065372
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 313

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Book Description
This book is a comprehensive introduction to the philosophical foundations and development of modern biological classification.

Evolution

Evolution PDF Author: Monroe W. Strickberger
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 9780763738242
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 742

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Book Description


The Character Concept in Evolutionary Biology

The Character Concept in Evolutionary Biology PDF Author: Günter P. Wagner
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080528902
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 622

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Book Description
Almost all evolutionary biologists, indeed all biologists, use particular features to study life. These characteristics or features used by evolutionary biologists are used in a particular way to unravel a tangled evolutionary history, document the rate of evolutionary change, or as evidence of biodiversity. "Characters" are the "data" of evolutionary biology and they can be employed differently in research providing both opportunities and limitations. The Character Concept in Evolutionary Biology is about characters, their use, how different sorts of characters are limited, and what are appropriate methods for character analysis. Leading evolutionary biologists from around the world are contributors to this authoritative review of the "character concept." Because characters and the conception of characters are central to all studies of evolution, and because evolution is the central organizing principle of biology, this book will appeal to a wide cross-section of biologists. Focuses upon "characters" -- fundamental data for evolutionary biology Covers the myriad ways in which characters are defined, described, and distinguished Includes historical, morphological, molecular, behavioral, and philosophical perspectives

Ancestors in Evolutionary Biology

Ancestors in Evolutionary Biology PDF Author: Ronald A. Jenner
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107105935
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 401

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Book Description
Exploration of the history and current practice of phylogenetics as a storytelling discipline that provides explanations for character evolution.

Advances in Computational Biology

Advances in Computational Biology PDF Author: Hamid R. Arabnia
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441959130
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 759

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Book Description
Proceedings of The 2009 International Conference on Bioinformatics and Computational Biology in Las Vegas, NV, July 13-16, 2009. Recent advances in Computational Biology are covered through a variety of topics. Both inward research (core areas of computational biology and computer science) and outward research (multi-disciplinary, Inter-disciplinary, and applications) will be covered during the conferences. These include: Gene regulation, Gene expression databases, Gene pattern discovery and identification, Genetic network modeling and inference, Gene expression analysis, RNA and DNA structure and sequencing, Biomedical engineering, Microarrays, Molecular sequence and structure databases, Molecular dynamics and simulation, Molecular sequence classification, alignment and assembly, Image processing In medicine and biological sciences, Sequence analysis and alignment, Informatics and Statistics in Biopharmaceutical Research, Software tools for computational biology and bioinformatics, Comparative genomics; and more.

Evolutionary Theory and the Creation Controversy

Evolutionary Theory and the Creation Controversy PDF Author: Olivier Rieppel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642148964
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 204

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Book Description
Evolutionary theory addresses the phenomenon of the origin and diversity of plant and animal species that we observe. In recent times, however, it has become a predominant ideology which has gained currency far beyond its original confines. Attempts to understand the origin and historical development of human culture, civilization and language, of the powers of human cognition, and even the origin of the moral and ethical values guiding and constraining everyday life in human societies are now cast in an evolutionary context. In “Evolutionary Theory and the Creation Controversy” the author examines evolutionary theory from a historical perspective, explaining underlying metaphysical backgrounds and fundamental philosophical questions such as the paradoxical problem of change, existence and creation. He introduces the scientists involved, their research results and theories, and discusses the evolution of evolutionary theory against the background of Creationism and Intelligent Design.

Milestones in Systematics

Milestones in Systematics PDF Author: David M. Williams
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203643038
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 309

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Book Description
Presenting a historical analysis of the evolution of systematics during the last one hundred years, Milestones in Systematics reviews many of the major issues in systematic theory and practice that have driven the working methods of systematics during the 20th century and looks at the issues most likely to preoccupy systematists in the immediate fu

Strickberger's Evolution

Strickberger's Evolution PDF Author: Brian K. Hall
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1449663907
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 779

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Book Description
Thoroughly updated and reorganized, Strickberger's Evolution, Fourth Edition, presents biology students with a basic introduction to prevailing knowledge and ideas about evolution, discussing how, why, and where the world and its organisms changed throughout history. Keeping consistent with Strickberger's engaging writing style, the authors carefully unfold a broad range of philosophical and historical topics that frame the theories of today including cosmological and geological evolution and its impact on life, the origins of life on earth, the development of molecular pathways from genetic systems to organismic morphology and function, the evolutionary history of organisms from microbes to animals, and the numerous molecular and populational concepts that explain the earth's dynamic evolution. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.