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Complex Predicates in Nonderivational Syntax

Complex Predicates in Nonderivational Syntax PDF Author: Erhard Hinrichs
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 0585492220
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 473

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Book Description
Covers research in complex predicates within a variety of languages, such as German, Dutch, Italian, French, Korean and Urdu. This work focuses on diverse aspects of complex predicate phenomena, including order variation, constituency relations, interactions with other construction types, argument relations, and the syntax morphology interface.

Complex Predicates in Nonderivational Syntax

Complex Predicates in Nonderivational Syntax PDF Author: Erhard Hinrichs
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 0585492220
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 473

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Book Description
Covers research in complex predicates within a variety of languages, such as German, Dutch, Italian, French, Korean and Urdu. This work focuses on diverse aspects of complex predicate phenomena, including order variation, constituency relations, interactions with other construction types, argument relations, and the syntax morphology interface.

Complex Predicates

Complex Predicates PDF Author: Mengistu Amberber
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139487485
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
Complex predicates are multipredicational, but monoclausal structures. They have proven problematic for linguistic theory, particularly for proposed distinctions between the lexicon, morphology, and syntax. This volume focuses on the mapping from morphosyntactic structures to event structure, and in particular the constraints on possible mappings. The volume showcases the 'coverb construction', a complex predicate construction which, though widespread, has received little attention in the literature. The coverb construction contrasts with more familiar serial verb constructions. The coverb construction generally maps only to event structures like those of monomorphemic verbs, whereas serial verb constructions map to a range of event structures differing from those of monomorphemic verbs. The volume coverage is truly cross-linguistic, including languages from Australia, Papua New Guinea, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, East Africa and North America. The volume establishes a new arena of research in event structure, syntax, and cross-linguistic typology.

Approaches to Complex Predicates

Approaches to Complex Predicates PDF Author: Léa Nash
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004307095
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 301

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Book Description
Complex predicates can be loosely defined as a sequence of items that behave as a single predicate, projecting a single argument structure within a clause. Each of the members of the predicate contributes part of the information ordinarily associated with a single head. The present volume presents a collection of theoretical linguistic results on the study of complex predicates in different perspectives and with a variety of approaches.

Austronesian and Theoretical Linguistics

Austronesian and Theoretical Linguistics PDF Author: Raphael Mercado
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027287759
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 379

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Book Description
The Austronesian language family is the largest language family in the world, yet its members are relatively little studied, particularly from a formal perspective. Interestingly, because these languages exhibit typologically unusual properties, they pose important challenges to linguistic theory. Any theory that postulates a grammar that is common to all languages must take into account the particular characteristics of this language family. The contributions to this volume comprise five chapters on phonology and twelve chapters on syntax, all addressing aspects of these Austronesian challenges. The volume presents new data, new analyses of old data, and comparisons of closely related languages, as well as comparisons to languages outside of the language family. Taken together they form a unique picture of Austronesian linguistics. This volume will be of interest to researchers and students in phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, and language typology, as well as scholars of Austronesian languages.

Linear Syntax

Linear Syntax PDF Author: Andreas Kathol
Publisher: Oxford Studies in Typology and
ISBN: 9780198237341
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 340

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Book Description
While much of contemporary syntax equates grammatical structure with hierarchical organization, i.e. tree structures, this book argues for a critical reassessment of that premise. It argues that a crucial part of the description of German clausal syntax should be based on linear, rather thanhierarchical concepts. This is done here by adopting 'topological fields'-a concept from traditional descriptive theory. Such fields are defined as syntactic position classes, that is, clusterings of continuous syntactic material, and are defined orthogonally to constituency. This idea isimplemented in an extension of Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar that employs a separate level of flat linear organization called 'order domain'.

Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar

Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar PDF Author: Stefan Müller
Publisher: Language Science Press
ISBN: 3961102554
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 1632

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Book Description
Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG) is a constraint-based or declarative approach to linguistic knowledge, which analyses all descriptive levels (phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics) with feature value pairs, structure sharing, and relational constraints. In syntax it assumes that expressions have a single relatively simple constituent structure. This volume provides a state-of-the-art introduction to the framework. Various chapters discuss basic assumptions and formal foundations, describe the evolution of the framework, and go into the details of the main syntactic phenomena. Further chapters are devoted to non-syntactic levels of description. The book also considers related fields and research areas (gesture, sign languages, computational linguistics) and includes chapters comparing HPSG with other frameworks (Lexical Functional Grammar, Categorial Grammar, Construction Grammar, Dependency Grammar, and Minimalism).

Grammaire des prédicats complexes : les constructions nom-verbe (Collection langues et syntaxe)

Grammaire des prédicats complexes : les constructions nom-verbe (Collection langues et syntaxe) PDF Author: SAMVELIAN Pollet
Publisher: Lavoisier
ISBN: 2746273659
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 330

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Book Description
La prédication complexe est un phénomène attesté sous diverses formes dans des langues très variées. Elle consiste à former des séquences syntaxiques fonctionnant comme un prédicat, c'est-à-dire un verbe simple. Les données examinées dans cet ouvrage sont les constructions nom-verbe en persan. Ce dernier ne dispose que d'environ 250 verbes simples et son lexique verbal comprend essentiellement des prédicats complexes formés d'un verbe et d'un élément préverbal. Cela mène à une réflexion sur des phénomènes présents dans de nombreuses langues. Grammaire des prédicats complexes expose notamment : - la relation entre la compositionnalité et la productivité, - la compatibilité entre le stockage des expressions linguistiques complexes par les locuteurs et l'existence de schémas abstraits réguliers permettant d'analyser ou de produire ces mêmes expressions, - le parallélisme entre les procédés morphologiques et syntaxiques de la construction des lexèmes ainsi que la notion même du verbe lexical par opposition au verbe support.

The Verbal Complex in Romance

The Verbal Complex in Romance PDF Author: Paola Monachesi
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199274754
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Book Description
This book explores the interface between syntax and phonology, morphology, and argument structure. The author presents case studies, such as clitics and auxiliary and modal verbs in Romance, and grounds theoretical analysis in constant exemplification. This is a valuable contribution to the study of grammatical interfaces and to Romance verbal typology and comparative linguistics.

The Syntax of Dutch

The Syntax of Dutch PDF Author: Jan-Wouter Zwart
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139496840
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
Dutch is a West-Germanic language closely related to English and German, but its special properties have long aroused interest and debate among students of syntax. This is an informative guide to the syntax of Dutch, offering an extensive survey of both the phenomena of Dutch syntax and their theoretical analyses over the years. In particular the book discusses those aspects of Dutch syntax that have played an important role in the development of syntactic theory in recent decades. Presupposing only a basic knowledge of syntax and complete with an extensive bibliography, this survey will be an important tool for students and linguists of all theoretical persuasions, and for anyone working in Germanic linguistics, linguistic typology and linguistic theory.

Type-Logical Syntax

Type-Logical Syntax PDF Author: Yusuke Kubota
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262539748
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 420

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Book Description
A novel logic-based framework for representing the syntax-semantics interface of natural language, applicable to a range of phenomena. In this book, Yusuke Kubota and Robert Levine propose a type-logical version of categorial grammar as a viable alternative model of natural language syntax and semantics. They show that this novel logic-based framework is applicable to a range of phenomena—especially in the domains of coordination and ellipsis—that have proven problematic for traditional approaches. The type-logical syntax the authors propose takes derivations of natural language sentences to be proofs in a particular kind of logic governing the way words and phrases are combined. This logic builds on and unifies two deductive systems from the tradition of categorial grammar; the resulting system, Hybrid Type-Logical Categorial Grammar (Hybrid TLCG) enables comprehensive approaches to coordination (gapping, dependent cluster coordination, and right-node raising) and ellipsis (VP ellipsis, pseudogapping, and extraction/ellipsis interaction). It captures a number of intricate patterns of interaction between scopal operators and seemingly incomplete constituents that are frequently found in these two empirical domains. Kubota and Levine show that the hybrid calculus underlying their framework incorporates key analytic ideas from competing approaches in the generative syntax literature to offer a unified and systematic treatment of data that have posed considerable difficulties for previous accounts. Their account demonstrates that logic is a powerful tool for analyzing the deeper principles underlying the syntax and semantics of natural language.