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Complex Predicates

Complex Predicates PDF Author: Mengistu Amberber
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139487485
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
Complex predicates are multipredicational, but monoclausal structures. They have proven problematic for linguistic theory, particularly for proposed distinctions between the lexicon, morphology, and syntax. This volume focuses on the mapping from morphosyntactic structures to event structure, and in particular the constraints on possible mappings. The volume showcases the 'coverb construction', a complex predicate construction which, though widespread, has received little attention in the literature. The coverb construction contrasts with more familiar serial verb constructions. The coverb construction generally maps only to event structures like those of monomorphemic verbs, whereas serial verb constructions map to a range of event structures differing from those of monomorphemic verbs. The volume coverage is truly cross-linguistic, including languages from Australia, Papua New Guinea, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, East Africa and North America. The volume establishes a new arena of research in event structure, syntax, and cross-linguistic typology.

Complex Predicates

Complex Predicates PDF Author: Mengistu Amberber
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139487485
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages :

View

Book Description
Complex predicates are multipredicational, but monoclausal structures. They have proven problematic for linguistic theory, particularly for proposed distinctions between the lexicon, morphology, and syntax. This volume focuses on the mapping from morphosyntactic structures to event structure, and in particular the constraints on possible mappings. The volume showcases the 'coverb construction', a complex predicate construction which, though widespread, has received little attention in the literature. The coverb construction contrasts with more familiar serial verb constructions. The coverb construction generally maps only to event structures like those of monomorphemic verbs, whereas serial verb constructions map to a range of event structures differing from those of monomorphemic verbs. The volume coverage is truly cross-linguistic, including languages from Australia, Papua New Guinea, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, East Africa and North America. The volume establishes a new arena of research in event structure, syntax, and cross-linguistic typology.

The Structure of Complex Predicates in Urdu

The Structure of Complex Predicates in Urdu PDF Author: Miriam Butt
Publisher: Center for the Study of Language (CSLI)
ISBN: 9781881526582
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 245

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Book Description
This book takes a detailed look at two differing complex predicates in the South Asian language Urdu. The Urdu permissive in particular brings into focus the problem of the syntax-semantics mismatch. An examination of the syntactic properties of this complex predicate shows that it is formed by the combination of two semantic heads, but that this combination is not mirrored in the syntax in terms of any kind of syntactic or lexical incorporation.

Approaches to Complex Predicates

Approaches to Complex Predicates PDF Author: Léa Nash
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004307095
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 302

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Book Description
Complex predicates can be loosely defined as a sequence of items that behave as a single predicate, projecting a single argument structure within a clause. Each of the members of the predicate contributes part of the information ordinarily associated with a single head. The present volume presents a collection of theoretical linguistic results on the study of complex predicates in different perspectives and with a variety of approaches.

Complex Predicates in Oceanic Languages

Complex Predicates in Oceanic Languages PDF Author: Isabelle Bril
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110913283
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 409

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Book Description
Serial verbs and complex predicates have a long history of research, yet there is comparatively little documentation on Oceanic languages. This volume presents new data for further typological studies. While previous research on serial verbs in Oceanic languages was mostly devoted to "core" serial constructions (with non-contiguous sV(o)sV(o) nuclei), this volume contributes a more detailed investigation of the "nuclear" type of complex predicates involving contiguous sVV(o) nuclei. Complex predicates of the form VV may correspond to two different syntactic structures, either co-ranking or hierarchized (head-modifier). Though the VV pattern does evidence a tendency towards structural compression, often entailing the fusion of the argument structures of two or more nuclei, yet it cannot be reduced to cases of co-lexicalization, compounding or grammaticalization. The data also show the "nuclear" type to be compatible with all types of basic word orders (VSO, VOS, SVO, SOV), with no evidence that this results from any word order change. This challenges the claim that "nuclear" serialization correlates with verb-final order, and "core" serialization with verb-medial order.

Complex Predicates in Nonderivational Syntax

Complex Predicates in Nonderivational Syntax PDF Author: Erhard Hinrichs
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 0585492220
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 473

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Book Description
Covers research in complex predicates within a variety of languages, such as German, Dutch, Italian, French, Korean and Urdu. This work focuses on diverse aspects of complex predicate phenomena, including order variation, constituency relations, interactions with other construction types, argument relations, and the syntax morphology interface.

Argument Realisation in Complex Predicates and Complex Events

Argument Realisation in Complex Predicates and Complex Events PDF Author: Brian Nolan
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027266123
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 464

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Book Description
This book offers a comprehensive investigative study of argument realisation in complex predicates and complex events at the syntax-semantic interface across a wide variety of the world’s languages, ranging over languages such as German, Irish, Sicilian and Italian, Lithuanian, Estonian and other Finno-Ugric languages, Pitjantjatjara, Yankunytjatjara and Ngaanyatjarra from Australia’s Western Desert region, Japanese, Tepehua (Totonacan, Mexico), Cheyenne, Mexican Spanish, Boharic Coptic, and Persian. This volume examines the syntactic variation of complex events, complex predicates and multi-verb constructions within a single clause where the clause is view as representing a single event, studying their semantics and syntax within functional, cognitive and constructional frameworks, to arrive at a better understanding of their cross linguistic behaviour and how they resonate in syntax. These constructions manifest considerable variability in cross-linguistic comparisons of complex predicate formation. In European languages, for example, typically one of the verbs in a verb-verb construction highlights a phase of an underspecified event while the matrix verb specifies the actual event. In contrast, serial verbs require each verb to provide a sub-event dimension within a complex event that is viewed holistically as unitary in syntax. This book contributes to an understanding of complex events, complex predicates and multi-verb constructions across languages, their syntactic constructional patterns and argument realisation.

Complex Predicates in Japanese

Complex Predicates in Japanese PDF Author: Chiharu Uda Kikuta
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429685459
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 374

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Book Description
Originally published in 1994, this volume analyses complex predicate constructions in Japanese in the framework of Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG). The book presents the theoretical framework as a basis of the following analyses and discusses thematic roles, reflexive binding and case marking. Attention is also given to passive, benefactive and causative constructions.

A Generative Lexicon Account of Bangla Complex Predicates

A Generative Lexicon Account of Bangla Complex Predicates PDF Author: Sanjukta Ghosh
Publisher: Partridge Publishing
ISBN: 1482847280
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 152

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Book Description
This book is an attempt to provide a corpus based account of Bangla complex predicates and represent them in a structured lexicon suitable for further information processing useful in any Natural Language Processing (NLP) works. The framework which is adopted in the book for representation of the complex predicate is Generative Lexicon proposed by James Pustejovsky. Bangla has mainly three kinds of complex predicates which are extensively used in the language, viz., Adjective-Verb conjunct predicates, Noun-Verb conjunct predicates and Verb-Verb predicates known as compound verbs in the literature. There are three very important outcomes of this research work, none of them has ever been attempted for any Indian languages and all of them are crucial from both theoretical as well as applicational point of view. First, it provides a classification of adjectives of Bangla based on their behavior when attached in a conjunct verb. This classification is based on the semantic properties of the adjectives. However, it also provides information about their syntactic behavior, viz., which semantic class goes with which verb in a conjunct verb frame in the syntax. Secondly, it also attempts to classify the nouns of Bangla used in Noun-Verb conjuncts. This classification is based on the syntactic frames in which they appear when used in a Conjunct Verb construction. Thirdly, the work creates verb frames for the complex predicates of Bangla. Verb frames are syntactic frames or environment where these verbs occur. They are able to provide important information about their argument structure both types and kinds of arguments. The book will be useful for researchers working in theoretical linguistic issues like argument structure, semantics of complex predicates etc in general. The book uses a powerful knowledge representation framework Generative Lexicon for the representation of the complex predicates and can be used in the area of applied Artificial Intelligence and Natural Language Processing.

Proceedings of the 9th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics

Proceedings of the 9th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics PDF Author: Stanford Linguistics Association
Publisher: Center for the Study of Language (CSLI)
ISBN: 9780937073643
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 594

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Book Description
Most of the papers presented at the 1990 West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics are included in this volume. This annual publication, not readily available in the past, makes the latest research in formal linguistics available to a wider audience. Aaron Halpern is a graduate student in linguistics at Stanford University.

Collocational and Idiomatic Aspects of Composite Predicates in the History of English

Collocational and Idiomatic Aspects of Composite Predicates in the History of English PDF Author: Laurel J. Brinton
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027230501
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 283

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Book Description
The focus of this carefully selected volume concerns the existence, frequency, and form of composite/complex predicates (the “take a look” construction) in earlier periods of the English language, an area of scholarship which has been virtually neglected. The various contributions seek to understand the collocational and idiomatic aspects of these structures, as well as of related structures such as complex prepositions (e.g., “on account of”) and phrasal verbs (e.g., “look up”), in their earliest manifestations. Moreover, study of these constructions at the individual stages of English leads to diachronic questions concerning their development, raising issues pertaining to grammaticalization, lexicalization, and idiomaticization-processes which are not always clearly differentiated nor fully understood.