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Genomic medicine

Genomic medicine PDF Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Lords: Science and Technology Committee
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780108444500
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 646

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Book Description
Volume 1 Report also available (ISBN 9780108444517). Genomic medicine has developed from the sequencing of the human genome

Genomic medicine

Genomic medicine PDF Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Lords: Science and Technology Committee
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780108444500
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 646

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Book Description
Volume 1 Report also available (ISBN 9780108444517). Genomic medicine has developed from the sequencing of the human genome

Genomic Medicine

Genomic Medicine PDF Author: Dhavendra Kumar
Publisher: Oxford Monographs on Medical G
ISBN: 019989602X
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 853

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Book Description
Preceded by Genomics and clinical medicine / edited by Dhavendra Kumar. [First edition]. 2008.

Genomic Medicine in Emerging Economies

Genomic Medicine in Emerging Economies PDF Author: George Patrinos
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128115513
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 204

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Book Description
Genomic Medicine in Resource-limited Countries: Genomics for Every Nation provides in-depth analysis and key examples of the implementation of medical genomics in low-income nations across the globe, demonstrating how this advancing medical science has not only transformed health systems, but also led to improved patient care in Indonesian, Nepalese, Chilean, Malaysian, Tanzanian, Argentinian, Chinese, Sri Lankan and Columbian populations, among others. In addition to defining tools, diagnostics and treatment pathways at the population-wide level for medical geneticists, genomic researchers and public health workers, this book offers a case-study based approach that helps users understand how genomic medicine is used in disease-management. Examines essential concepts and protocols, and economic, social and legal considerations related to the implementation of genomic medicine in resource-limited nations Features concrete success stories of the implementation of medical genomics in Indonesian, Nepalese, Chilean, Malaysian, Tanzanian, Argentinian, Chinese, Sri Lankan and Columbian populations, amongst others Provides tools, diagnostics and treatment pathways for medical geneticists, genomic researchers and public health workers to apply in their own work Establishes clear precedents on how genomic technologies can be accessed by nations with limited means and financial support for healthcare

The Economics of Genomic Medicine

The Economics of Genomic Medicine PDF Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309269733
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 128

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Book Description
The sequencing of the human genome and the identification of links between specific genetic variants and diseases have led to tremendous excitement over the potential of genomics to direct patient treatment toward more effective or less harmful interventions. Still, the use of whole genome sequencing challenges the traditional model of medical care where a test is ordered only when there is a clear indication for its use and a path for downstream clinical action is known. This has created a tension between experts who contend that using this information is premature and those who believe that having such information will empower health care providers and patients to make proactive decisions regarding lifestyle and treatment options. In addition, some stakeholders are concerned that genomic technologies will add costs to the health care system without providing commensurate benefits, and others think that health care costs could be reduced by identifying unnecessary or ineffective treatments. Economic models are frequently used to anticipate the costs and benefits of new health care technologies, policies, and regulations. Economic studies also have been used to examine much more specific issues, such as comparing the outcomes and cost effectiveness of two different drug treatments for the same condition. These kinds of analyses offer more than just predictions of future health care costs. They provide information that is valuable when implementing and using new technologies. Unfortunately, however, these economic assessments are often limited by a lack of data on which to base the examination. This particularly affects health economics, which includes many factors for which current methods are inadequate for assessing, such as personal utility, social utility, and patient preference. To understand better the health economic issues that may arise in the course of integrating genomic data into health care, the Roundtable on Translating Genomic-Based Research for Health hosted a workshop in Washington, DC, on July 17-18, 2012, that brought together economists, regulators, payers, biomedical researchers, patients, providers, and other stakeholders to discuss the many factors that may influence this implementation. The workshop was one of a series that the roundtable has held on this topic, but it was the first focused specifically on economic issues. The Economics of Genomic Medicine summarizes this workshop.

Educating Health Professionals in Genomic Medicine: Evidence-Based Strategies and Approaches

Educating Health Professionals in Genomic Medicine: Evidence-Based Strategies and Approaches PDF Author: Sylvia Ann Metcalfe
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889660591
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages :

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Economic Evaluation in Genomic Medicine

Economic Evaluation in Genomic Medicine PDF Author: Vasilios Fragoulakis
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128016116
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 174

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Book Description
Economic Evaluation in Genomic Medicine introduces health economics and economic evaluation to genomic clinicians and researchers, while also introducing the topic to health economists. Each chapter includes an executive summary, questions, and case studies, along with supplementary online materials, including process guides, maps, flow charts, diagrams, and economic evaluation spreadsheets to enhance the learning process. The text can easily be used as course material for related graduate and undergraduate courses, providing a succinct overview of the existing, state-of-the-art application of economic evaluation to genomic healthcare and precision medicine. Interrelates economic evaluation and genomic medicine Instructs healthcare professionals and bioscientists about economic evaluation in genomic medicine Teaches health economists about application of economic evaluation in genomic medicine Introduces health economics and economic evaluation to clinicians and researchers involved in genomics Includes process guides, maps, flow charts and diagrams

Understanding Disparities in Access to Genomic Medicine

Understanding Disparities in Access to Genomic Medicine PDF Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309485258
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 127

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Book Description
Genomic medicine is defined as the routine use of genomic information about an individual as part of his or her clinical care as well as the health outcomes and policy implications of that clinical use. It is one approach that has the potential to improve the quality of health care by allowing practitioners to tailor prevention, diagnostic, and treatment strategies to individual patients. In recent years, research breakthroughs, technological advances, and the decreasing cost of DNA sequencing have led to the wider adoption of genomic medicine. However, as with the introduction of new technologies into health care, there are concerns that genetic and genomic testing and services will not reach all segments of the population both now and in the near future, and there remains a gap in knowledge regarding potential health care disparities in genomic medicine and precision health approaches. On June 27, 2018, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine hosted a public workshop to examine the gaps in knowledge related to access to genomic medicine and to discuss health care disparities and possible approaches to overcoming the disparate use of genomic medicine among populations. Workshop participants discussed research on access to genetics and genomics services in medically underserved areas, model programs of care for diverse patient populations, and current challenges and possible best practices for alleviating health care disparities as they relate to genomics-based approaches. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Applying an Implementation Science Approach to Genomic Medicine

Applying an Implementation Science Approach to Genomic Medicine PDF Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309437768
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 137

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Book Description
Although it is becoming increasingly more common for clinicians to use genomic data in their practices for disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment, the process of integrating genomic data into the practice of medicine has been a slow and challenging one. Some of the major barriers impeding the incorporation of new genomic technology into clinical practice are: the difficulty of changing routine medical practices to account for the use of genetic testing, the limited knowledge of patients and providers about genomic medicine, assessing sufficient evidence to support the use of genetic tests, privacy and data security issues, and uncertainty about reimbursement. The field of implementation science may be able to provide insights concerning efficient ways to incorporate genomic applications into routine clinical practice. The focus of implementation science studies is to identify integration bottlenecks and optimal approaches for a given setting and ultimately to promote the up-take of research findings. To explore the potential of implementation science to improve the integration of genomics into medicine, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop in Washington, DC, in November 2015. Participants explored the challenges and opportunities of integrating genomic advances into the clinic through the lens of implementation science. This report summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Genomic Medicine Skills and Competencies

Genomic Medicine Skills and Competencies PDF Author: Dhavendra Kumar
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0323985637
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 164

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Book Description
Genomic Medicine Skills and Competencies discusses core and practical aspects of genetic and genomic education and training for medical field. Many aspects of genomic applications in science, biotechnology, clinical medicine and healthcare require core and specialist knowledge, skills development and competencies for carrying out diverse tasks. Several knowledge-based courses and opportunities for skills and competencies development and assessment are now available and the main required subjects are discussed in this volume. The book focuses on all major aspects of genetic and genomic education training that are currently offered and evaluated and is a valuable resource for researchers, clinicians, physicians, nurses, genetic counselors, bioinformatics technicians, and other professionals who are interested in learning more about such promising field. Illustrates the need for acquiring and/or enhancing skills and competencies keeping up with the new advances and expanding scientific and technical knowledge in genome sciences as applied to the practice of clinical genomic and precision medicine Focuses on the professional and specific needs of medical and healthcare professionals practicing (or planning to practice) genomic medicine and health genomics Discusses the impact of effective genomic education and training for delivering the advances and new knowledge in the field of genome sciences and technologies that have spanned as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic in preparedness to what is next

Medical and Health Genomics

Medical and Health Genomics PDF Author: Dhavendra Kumar
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0127999221
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 358

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Book Description
Medical and Health Genomics provides concise and evidence-based technical and practical information on the applied and translational aspects of genome sciences and the technologies related to non-clinical medicine and public health. Coverage is based on evolving paradigms of genomic medicine—in particular, the relation to public and population health genomics now being rapidly incorporated in health management and administration, with further implications for clinical population and disease management. Provides extensive coverage of the emergent field of health genomics and its huge relevance to healthcare management Presents user-friendly language accompanied by explanatory diagrams, figures, and many references for further study Covers the applied, but non-clinical, sciences across disease discovery, genetic analysis, genetic screening, and prevention and management Details the impact of clinical genomics across a diverse array of public and community health issues, and within a variety of global healthcare systems