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The Evolution of Human Societies

The Evolution of Human Societies PDF Author: Allen W. Johnson
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804740326
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 460

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Book Description
Combining original theoretical ideas and interpretation with ethnographic evidence, Johnson and Earle seek to describe and account for the development of complex human societies. A wealth of case studies are referred to throughout and these are used to support arguments for the proposed causes, mechanisms and patterns of change and for the factors involved, such as technological change, population growth, warfare, the exchange of goods. This second edition sees a complete re-writing of the theoretical chapters, taking account of recent research, plus a new chapter on changes since the Industrial Revolution and the globalisation of society.

The Evolution of Human Societies

The Evolution of Human Societies PDF Author: Allen W. Johnson
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804740326
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 460

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Book Description
Combining original theoretical ideas and interpretation with ethnographic evidence, Johnson and Earle seek to describe and account for the development of complex human societies. A wealth of case studies are referred to throughout and these are used to support arguments for the proposed causes, mechanisms and patterns of change and for the factors involved, such as technological change, population growth, warfare, the exchange of goods. This second edition sees a complete re-writing of the theoretical chapters, taking account of recent research, plus a new chapter on changes since the Industrial Revolution and the globalisation of society.

Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies

Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies PDF Author: Jared Diamond
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393069222
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 532

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Book Description
"Fascinating.... Lays a foundation for understanding human history."—Bill Gates In this "artful, informative, and delightful" (William H. McNeill, New York Review of Books) book, Jared Diamond convincingly argues that geographical and environmental factors shaped the modern world. Societies that had had a head start in food production advanced beyond the hunter-gatherer stage, and then developed religion --as well as nasty germs and potent weapons of war --and adventured on sea and land to conquer and decimate preliterate cultures. A major advance in our understanding of human societies, Guns, Germs, and Steel chronicles the way that the modern world came to be and stunningly dismantles racially based theories of human history. Winner of the Pulitzer Prize, the Phi Beta Kappa Award in Science, the Rhone-Poulenc Prize, and the Commonwealth club of California's Gold Medal.

Human Societies

Human Societies PDF Author: Gerhard Lenski
Publisher: New York : McGraw-Hill
ISBN:
Category : Social evolution
Languages : en
Pages : 558

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Reciprocity in Human Societies

Reciprocity in Human Societies PDF Author: Antti Kujala
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319960563
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 225

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Book Description
Presenting new insights into reciprocity, this book combines Marcel Mauss’s well-known gift theory with Barrington Moore’s idea of mutual obligations linking rulers and the ruled. Teasing out the interrelatedness of these approaches, Reciprocity in Human Societies suggests that evolutionary psychology reveals a human tendency for reciprocity and collaboration, not only in a mutually cooperative way but also through increasing retributive moral emotions. The book discusses various historical societies and the different models of the current welfare state—Nordic (social democratic), conservative, and liberal— and the repercussions of the neoliberal policies of tax havens, tax cuts, and austerity with a cross-disciplinary approach that bridges evolutionary psychology, sociology, and social anthropology with history.

Food Sharing in Human Societies

Food Sharing in Human Societies PDF Author: Nobuhiro Kishigami
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811678103
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 164

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Book Description
This book explores why human beings share food with others using a humanistic anthropological approach. This book provides a comparative examination of distinct features and historical changes in food-sharing practices in various hunting-gathering societies, especially in the Inuit. The author considers human nature through various human food-sharing practices. Food sharing is a characteristic of human behavior and has been one of the central topics in anthropological studies of hunter-gatherers for a long time. While anthropologists have attempted to understand it in functional, historical, adaptational, social, cultural, psychological, or phenomenological perspective, they have failed to convincingly explain its origin, variation, existence or/and change. Recently, evolutionary ecology or behavioral ecology has dominated research of the topic. However, neither of them adequately considers social, cultural and historical factors in the analysis of human food-sharing practices. This book is an essential and fundamental study for every researcher interested in the relationship between human nature, society and culture.

The Dream and Human Societies

The Dream and Human Societies PDF Author: G. E. Von Grunebaum
Publisher: University of California Press
ISBN: 0520339266
Category : Body, Mind & Spirit
Languages : en
Pages : 472

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Book Description
This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press’s mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1966.

Origins of Inequality in Human Societies

Origins of Inequality in Human Societies PDF Author: Bernd Baldus
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317205952
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 250

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Book Description
Since the beginning of social life human societies have faced the problem how to distribute the results of collaborative activities among the participants. The solutions they found ranged from egalitarian to unequal but caused more dissension and conflict than just about any other social structure in human history. Social inequality also dominated the agenda of the new field of sociology in the 19th century. The theories developed during that time still inform academic and public debates, and inequality continues to be the subject of much current controversy. Origins of Inequality begins with a critical assessment of classical explanations of inequality in the social sciences and the political and economic environment in which they arose. The book then offers a new theory of the evolution of distributive structures in human societies. It examines the interaction of chance, intent and unforeseen consequences in the emergence of social inequality, traces its irregular historical path in different societies, and analyses processes of social control which consolidated inequality even when it was costly or harmful for most participants. Because the evolution of distributive structures is an open process, the book also explores issues of distributive justice and options for greater equality in modern societies. Along with its focus on social inequality the book covers topics in cultural evolution, social and economic history and social theory. This book will appeal to scholars and advanced students of sociology, economics and anthropology – in particular sociological theory and social inequality.

Ritual, Play and Belief, in Evolution and Early Human Societies

Ritual, Play and Belief, in Evolution and Early Human Societies PDF Author: Colin Renfrew
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108547516
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
The origins of religion and ritual in humans have been the focus of centuries of thought in archaeology, anthropology, theology, evolutionary psychology and more. Play and ritual have many aspects in common, and ritual is a key component of the early cult practices that underlie the religious systems of societies in all parts of the world. This book examines the formative cults and the roots of religious practice from the earliest times until the development of early religion in the Near East, in China, in Peru, in Mesoamerica and beyond. Here, leading prehistorians, biologists, and other specialists bring a fresh approach to the early practices that underlie the faiths and religions of the world. They demonstrate the profound role of play ritual and belief systems and offer powerful new insights into the emergence of early societies.

Herbs and the Evolution of Human Societies

Herbs and the Evolution of Human Societies PDF Author: Yue Yue
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1527579840
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 330

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Book Description
The contributions gathered together in this volume analyse the link that humankind establishes with nature, examining the way in which a dialogue has been initiated between these two worlds and how it has evolved. From a geographical point of view, the text takes the reader to Africa, America, Asia and Europe via Brazil, Canada, China, Ethiopia, France, Somalia, Switzerland, Tibet, Tunisia, Ukraine, and the United States, providing a meeting ground between plants and humanity in different dimensions.

Violence in Animal and Human Societies

Violence in Animal and Human Societies PDF Author: Arthur G. Neal
Publisher: Chicago : Nelson Hall
ISBN:
Category : Violence
Languages : en
Pages : 324

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Book Description