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Inside Cisco IOS Software Architecture

Inside Cisco IOS Software Architecture PDF Author: Vijay Bollapragada
Publisher: Cisco Press
ISBN: 9780132796859
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 240

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Book Description
An essential guide to understanding the Cisco IOS architecture In-depth coverage of Cisco's IOS Software architecture provides crucial information to: Prevent network problems and optimize performance through more efficient design and configuration Isolate and resolve network problems more quickly and easily Apply the appropriate packet switching method, such as process switching, fast switching, optimum switching, or Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF) Understand the hardware architecture, packet buffering, and packet switching processes for shared memory routers (Cisco 1600, 2500, 3600, 4000, 4500, and 4700 series) Understand the hardware architecture, packet buffering, and packet switching processes for the Cisco 7200 series routers Understand the hardware architecture, packet buffering, and packet switching processes for the Cisco 7500 series routers Understand the hardware architecture, packet buffering, and packet switching processes for the Cisco GSR 12000 series routers Further your knowledge of how IOS Software implements Quality of Service (QoS) Inside Cisco IOS Software Architecture offers crucial and hard-to-find information on Cisco's Internetwork Operating System (IOS) Software. IOS Software provides the means by which networking professionals configure and manage Cisco networking devices. Beyond understanding the Cisco IOS command set, comprehending what happens inside Cisco routers will help you as a network designer or engineer to perform your job more effectively. By understanding the internal operations of IOS Software, you will be able to take architectural considerations into account when designing networks and isolate problems more easily when troubleshooting networks. Inside Cisco IOS Software Architecture provides essential information on the internal aspects of IOS Software at this level, and it is an invaluable resource for better understanding the intricacies of IOS Software and how it affects your network. Inide Cisco IOS Software Architecture begins with an overview of operating system concepts and the IOS Software infrastructure, including processes, memory management, CPU scheduling, packet buffers, and device drivers, as well as a discussion of packet switching architecture with detailed coverage of the various platform-independent switching methods, including process switching, fast switching, optimum switching, and Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF). The book then delves into the intricate details of the design and operation of platform-specific features, including the 1600, 2500, 4x00, 3600, 7200, 7500, and GSR Cisco routers. Finally, an overview of IOS Quality of Service (QoS) is provided, including descriptions of several QoS methods, such as priority queuing, custom queuing, weighted fair queuing, and modified deficit round robin.

Inside Cisco IOS Software Architecture

Inside Cisco IOS Software Architecture PDF Author: Vijay Bollapragada
Publisher: Cisco Press
ISBN: 9780132796859
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 240

View

Book Description
An essential guide to understanding the Cisco IOS architecture In-depth coverage of Cisco's IOS Software architecture provides crucial information to: Prevent network problems and optimize performance through more efficient design and configuration Isolate and resolve network problems more quickly and easily Apply the appropriate packet switching method, such as process switching, fast switching, optimum switching, or Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF) Understand the hardware architecture, packet buffering, and packet switching processes for shared memory routers (Cisco 1600, 2500, 3600, 4000, 4500, and 4700 series) Understand the hardware architecture, packet buffering, and packet switching processes for the Cisco 7200 series routers Understand the hardware architecture, packet buffering, and packet switching processes for the Cisco 7500 series routers Understand the hardware architecture, packet buffering, and packet switching processes for the Cisco GSR 12000 series routers Further your knowledge of how IOS Software implements Quality of Service (QoS) Inside Cisco IOS Software Architecture offers crucial and hard-to-find information on Cisco's Internetwork Operating System (IOS) Software. IOS Software provides the means by which networking professionals configure and manage Cisco networking devices. Beyond understanding the Cisco IOS command set, comprehending what happens inside Cisco routers will help you as a network designer or engineer to perform your job more effectively. By understanding the internal operations of IOS Software, you will be able to take architectural considerations into account when designing networks and isolate problems more easily when troubleshooting networks. Inside Cisco IOS Software Architecture provides essential information on the internal aspects of IOS Software at this level, and it is an invaluable resource for better understanding the intricacies of IOS Software and how it affects your network. Inide Cisco IOS Software Architecture begins with an overview of operating system concepts and the IOS Software infrastructure, including processes, memory management, CPU scheduling, packet buffers, and device drivers, as well as a discussion of packet switching architecture with detailed coverage of the various platform-independent switching methods, including process switching, fast switching, optimum switching, and Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF). The book then delves into the intricate details of the design and operation of platform-specific features, including the 1600, 2500, 4x00, 3600, 7200, 7500, and GSR Cisco routers. Finally, an overview of IOS Quality of Service (QoS) is provided, including descriptions of several QoS methods, such as priority queuing, custom queuing, weighted fair queuing, and modified deficit round robin.

Inside Cisco Ios Software Architecture

Inside Cisco Ios Software Architecture PDF Author: Russ White Vijay Bollapragada (Curtis Murphy)
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 235

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Book Description
An essential guide to understanding the Cisco IOS architecture In-depth coverage of Cisco's IOS Software architecture provides crucial information to:Prevent network problems and optimize performance through more efficient design and configurationIsolate and resolve network problems more quickly and easilyApply the appropriate packet switching method, such as process switching, fast switching, optimum switching, or Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF)Understand the hardware architecture, packet buffering, and packet switching processes for shared memory routers (Cisco 1600, 2500, 3600, 4000, 4500,

IP Routing on Cisco IOS, IOS XE, and IOS XR

IP Routing on Cisco IOS, IOS XE, and IOS XR PDF Author: Brad Edgeworth
Publisher: Cisco Press
ISBN: 0133846768
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 850

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Book Description
An Essential Guide to Understanding and Implementing IP Routing Protocols Cisco’s authoritative single-source guide to IP routing protocols for enterprise and service provider environments Service providers and large enterprises are converging on a common IP infrastructure that supports rapid deployment of high-value services. Demand is soaring for highly skilled IP network engineers who can implement and run these infrastructures. Now, one source combines reliable knowledge about contemporary IP routing protocols and expert hands-on guidance for using them with Cisco IOS, IOS XE, and IOS XR operating systems. After concisely reviewing the basics, three Cisco experts fully explain static routing, EIGRP, OSPF, IS-IS, and BGP routing protocols. Next, they introduce advanced routing with policies and redistribution, sophisticated BGP-based traffic engineering, and multicast. They present comprehensive coverage of IPv6, from its multicast implementation to its completely revamped address structure. Finally, they discuss advanced high availability techniques, including fast routing convergence. IP Routing on Cisco IOS, IOS XE, and IOS XR presents each protocol conceptually, with intuitive illustrations, realistic configurations, and appropriate output. To help IOS users master IOS XE and IOS XR, differences in operating systems are explicitly identified, and side-by-side feature command references are presented. All content fully aligns with [email protected], providing efficient self-study for multiple Cisco Career Certifications, including CCNA®/CCNP®/CCIE® Service Provider, CCIE Routing & Switching, Cisco IOS XR Specialist Certification, and the routing components of several additional Cisco Certifications. Brad Edgeworth, CCIE No. 31574 (R&S & SP) has been with Cisco since 2011 as Systems Engineer and Technical Leader. Formerly a network architect and consultant for various Fortune® 500 companies, his 18 years of IT experience includes extensive architectural and operational work in enterprise and service provider environments. He is a Cisco Live distinguished speaker presenting on IOS XR. Aaron Foss, CCIE No. 18761 (R&S & SP), a High Touch Engineer with the Cisco Focused Technical Support (FTS) organization, works with large service providers to troubleshoot MPLS, QoS, and IP routing issues. He has more than 15 years of experience designing, deploying, and troubleshooting IP networks. Ramiro Garza Rios, CCIE No. 15469 (R&S, SP, and Security), Senior Network Consulting Engineer with Cisco Advanced Services, plans, designs, implements, and optimizes next-generation service provider networks. Before joining Cisco in 2005, he was Network Consulting and Presales Engineer for a Cisco Gold Partner in Mexico, where he planned and deployed both enterprise and service provider networks. Foreword by Norm Dunn, Senior Product Manager, [email protected] Global Product Management, Service Provider Portfolio Understand how IOS®, IOS XE, and IOS XR operating systems compare Master IPv4 concepts, addressing structure, and subnetting Learn how routers and routing protocols work, and how connected networks and static routes behave from the router’s perspective Work with EIGRP and distance vector routing Deploy basic and advanced OSPF, including powerful techniques for organizing routing domains, path selection, and optimization Compare IS-IS with OSPF, and implement advanced IS-IS multilevel routing, optimization, and path selection Make the most of BGP and route manipulation, including IOS/IOS XE route maps and IOS XR’s highly scalable Route Policy Language Use advanced policy-based route manipulation and filtering Implement route redistribution: rules, potential problems, and solutions Leverage BGP communities, summaries, and other router conservation techniques Discover how IPv6 changes IP address and command structure Establish highly efficient multicast routing in IPv4 and IPv6 environments Systematically improve network availability and operational uptime through event driven detection and fast routing convergence

Router Security Strategies

Router Security Strategies PDF Author: Gregg Schudel
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 9780132796736
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 672

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Book Description
Router Security Strategies: Securing IP Network Traffic Planes provides a compre-hensive approach to understand and implement IP traffic plane separation and protection on IP routers. This book details the distinct traffic planes of IP networks and the advanced techniques necessary to operationally secure them. This includes the data, control, management, and services planes that provide the infrastructure for IP networking. The first section provides a brief overview of the essential components of the Internet Protocol and IP networking. At the end of this section, you will understand the fundamental principles of defense in depth and breadth security as applied to IP traffic planes. Techniques to secure the IP data plane, IP control plane, IP management plane, and IP services plane are covered in detail in the second section. The final section provides case studies from both the enterprise network and the service provider network perspectives. In this way, the individual IP traffic plane security techniques reviewed in the second section of the book are brought together to help you create an integrated, comprehensive defense in depth and breadth security architecture. “Understanding and securing IP traffic planes are critical to the overall security posture of the IP infrastructure. The techniques detailed in this book provide protection and instrumentation enabling operators to understand and defend against attacks. As the vulnerability economy continues to mature, it is critical for both vendors and network providers to collaboratively deliver these protections to the IP infrastructure.” –Russell Smoak, Director, Technical Services, Security Intelligence Engineering, Cisco Gregg Schudel, CCIE® No. 9591, joined Cisco in 2000 as a consulting system engineer supporting the U.S. service provider organization. Gregg focuses on IP core network security architectures and technology for interexchange carriers and web services providers. David J. Smith, CCIE No. 1986, joined Cisco in 1995 and is a consulting system engineer supporting the service provider organization. David focuses on IP core and edge architectures including IP routing, MPLS technologies, QoS, infrastructure security, and network telemetry. Understand the operation of IP networks and routers Learn about the many threat models facing IP networks, Layer 2 Ethernet switching environments, and IPsec and MPLS VPN services Learn how to segment and protect each IP traffic plane by applying defense in depth and breadth principles Use security techniques such as ACLs, rate limiting, IP Options filtering, uRPF, QoS, RTBH, QPPB, and many others to protect the data plane of IP and switched Ethernet networks Secure the IP control plane with rACL, CoPP, GTSM, MD5, BGP and ICMP techniques and Layer 2 switched Ethernet-specific techniques Protect the IP management plane with password management, SNMP, SSH, NTP, AAA, as well as other VPN management, out-of-band management, and remote access management techniques Secure the IP services plane using recoloring, IP fragmentation control, MPLS label control, and other traffic classification and process control techniques This security book is part of the Cisco Press® Networking Technology Series. Security titles from Cisco Press help networking professionals secure critical data and resources, prevent and mitigate network attacks, and build end-to-end self-defending networks.

IP Quality of Service

IP Quality of Service PDF Author: Srinivas Vegesna
Publisher: Cisco Press
ISBN: 9781578701162
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 343

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Book Description
The complete resource for understanding and deploying IP quality of service for Cisco networks Learn to deliver and deploy IP QoS and MPLS-based traffic engineering by understanding: QoS fundamentals and the need for IP QoS The Differentiated Services QoS architecture and its enabling QoS functionality The Integrated Services QoS model and its enabling QoS functions ATM, Frame Relay, and IEEE 802.1p/802.1Q QoS technologies and how they work with IP QoS MPLS and MPLS VPN QoS and how they work with IP QoS MPLS traffic engineering Routing policies, general IP QoS functions, and other miscellaneous QoS information Quality-of-service (QoS) technologies provide networks with greater reliability in delivering applications, as well as control over access, delay, loss, content quality, and bandwidth. IP QoS functions are crucial in today's scalable IP networks. These networks are designed to deliver reliable and differentiated Internet services by enabling network operators to control network resources and use. Network planners, designers, and engineers need a thorough understanding of QoS concepts and features to enable their networks to run at maximum efficiency and to deliver the new generation of time-critical multimedia and voice applications. IP Quality of Service serves as an essential resource and design guide for anyone planning to deploy QoS services in Cisco networks. Author Srinivas Vegesna provides complete coverage of Cisco IP QoS features and functions, including case studies and configuration examples. The emphasis is on real-world application-going beyond conceptual explanations to teach actual deployment. IP Quality of Service is written for internetworking professionals who are responsible for designing and maintaining IP services for corporate intranets and for service provider network infrastructures. If you are a network engineer, architect, manager, planner, or operator who has a rudimentary knowledge of QoS technologies, this book will provide you with practical insights on what you need to consider when designing and implementing various degrees of QoS in the network. Because incorporating some measure of QoS is an integral part of any network design process, IP Quality of Service applies to all IP networks-corporate intranets, service provider networks, and the Internet.

Cisco Express Forwarding

Cisco Express Forwarding PDF Author: Nakia Stringfield
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 0132796872
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 288

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Book Description
Cisco Express Forwarding Understanding and troubleshooting CEF in Cisco routers and switches Nakia Stringfield, CCIE® No. 13451/Russ White, CCIE No. 2635/Stacia McKee How does a router switch a packet? What is the difference between routing a packet, switching a frame, and packet switching? What is the Cisco® Express Forwarding (CEF) feature referred to in Cisco documentation and commonly found in Cisco IOS® commands? CEF is a general term that describes the mechanism by which Cisco routers and Catalyst® switches packet-switch (route) frames. CEF is found in almost all Cisco routers and Catalyst switches, and understanding how CEF operates can improve the performance, scalability, and efficiency of your network. Cisco Express Forwarding demystifies the internal workings of Cisco routers and switches, making it easier for you to optimize performance and troubleshoot issues that arise in Cisco network environments. This book addresses common misconceptions about CEF and packet switching across various platforms, helping you to improve your troubleshooting skills for CEF- and non-CEF-related problems. The first part of the book provides an overview of packet-switching architectures and CEF operation and advanced features. It also covers the enhanced CEF structure and general troubleshooting. The second part of the book provides case studies that focus on the common topics that have been problematic for customers and those supporting Cisco networks. Full of practical examples and configurations, this book draws on years of experience to help you keep your Cisco networks running efficiently. Learn the key features of packet-switching architectures Understand the basics of the CEF architecture and operation Examine the enhanced CEF structure, which improves scalability Learn how to troubleshoot in software-switching environments Understand the effect of CEF on a Cisco Catalyst 6500 Supervisor 720 Configure and troubleshoot load sharing with CEF Evaluate the effect of CEF in an MPLS VPN environment Review CEF design considerations that impact scalability This book is part of the Networking Technology Series from Cisco Press®, which offers networking professionals valuable information for constructing efficient networks, understanding new technologies, and building successful careers. Category: Networking Covers: Routing and Switching

Design and Implementation of DSL-based Access Solutions

Design and Implementation of DSL-based Access Solutions PDF Author: Sanjeev Mervana
Publisher: Cisco Press
ISBN: 9781587050213
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 255

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Book Description
The ultimate DSL deployment guides and reference Teaches the reader how to design and implement the network to offer services such as voice, video, and data Explains the various access and core architectures for xDSL technologies Details how to do mass provisioning and how to manage an end-to-end network Includes case studies that depict some of the most common deployed architectures, how they evolved, problems they faced, and how they were overcome Design and Implementation of DSL-Based Access Solutions addresses various architectures for DSL-based networks. It focuses on how to design and implement an end-to-end solution for service providers, considering various business models such as retail, wholesale, VPN, etc. This book depicts the different architectures, and helps you understand the key design principles in deploying them. It covers both access encapsulations such as bridging, PPPoA, PPPoE, and routing, as well as core architectures such as IP, L2TP, MPLS/VPN, and ATM. Because it focuses on end-to-end solutions, Design and Implementation of DSL-Based Access Solutions talks about how to do mass provisioning of subscribers and how to manage networks in the most efficient way. It also includes discussions of real-life deployments, their design-related issues, and their implementation.

IPSec VPN Design

IPSec VPN Design PDF Author: Vijay Bollapragada
Publisher: Cisco Press
ISBN: 0134384164
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
The definitive design and deployment guide for secure virtual private networks Learn about IPSec protocols and Cisco IOS IPSec packet processing Understand the differences between IPSec tunnel mode and transport mode Evaluate the IPSec features that improve VPN scalability and fault tolerance, such as dead peer detection and control plane keepalives Overcome the challenges of working with NAT and PMTUD Explore IPSec remote-access features, including extended authentication, mode-configuration, and digital certificates Examine the pros and cons of various IPSec connection models such as native IPSec, GRE, and remote access Apply fault tolerance methods to IPSec VPN designs Employ mechanisms to alleviate the configuration complexity of a large- scale IPSec VPN, including Tunnel End-Point Discovery (TED) and Dynamic Multipoint VPNs (DMVPN) Add services to IPSec VPNs, including voice and multicast Understand how network-based VPNs operate and how to integrate IPSec VPNs with MPLS VPNs Among the many functions that networking technologies permit is the ability for organizations to easily and securely communicate with branch offices, mobile users, telecommuters, and business partners. Such connectivity is now vital to maintaining a competitive level of business productivity. Although several technologies exist that can enable interconnectivity among business sites, Internet-based virtual private networks (VPNs) have evolved as the most effective means to link corporate network resources to remote employees, offices, and mobile workers. VPNs provide productivity enhancements, efficient and convenient remote access to network resources, site-to-site connectivity, a high level of security, and tremendous cost savings. IPSec VPN Design is the first book to present a detailed examination of the design aspects of IPSec protocols that enable secure VPN communication. Divided into three parts, the book provides a solid understanding of design and architectural issues of large-scale, secure VPN solutions. Part I includes a comprehensive introduction to the general architecture of IPSec, including its protocols and Cisco IOS® IPSec implementation details. Part II examines IPSec VPN design principles covering hub-and-spoke, full-mesh, and fault-tolerant designs. This part of the book also covers dynamic configuration models used to simplify IPSec VPN designs. Part III addresses design issues in adding services to an IPSec VPN such as voice and multicast. This part of the book also shows you how to effectively integrate IPSec VPNs with MPLS VPNs. IPSec VPN Design provides you with the field-tested design and configuration advice to help you deploy an effective and secure VPN solution in any environment. This security book is part of the Cisco Press® Networking Technology Series. Security titles from Cisco Press help networking professionals secure critical data and resources, prevent and mitigate network attacks, and build end-to-end self-defending networks.

IS-IS Network Design Solutions

IS-IS Network Design Solutions PDF Author: Abe Martey
Publisher: Cisco Press
ISBN: 9781578702206
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 392

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Book Description
The definitive IS-IS reference and design guide Extensive coverage of both underlying concepts and practical applications of the IS-IS protocol Detailed explanation of how the IS-IS database works and relevant insights into the operation of the shortest path first (SPF) algorithm Comprehensive tutorial on configuring and troubleshooting IS-IS on Cisco routers Advanced information on IP network design and performance optimization strategies using IS-IS Network design case studies provide a practical perspective of various design strategies Comprehensive overview of routing and packet-switching mechanisms on modern routers A collection of IS-IS packet formats and analyzer decodes useful for mastering the nuts and bolts of the IS-IS protocol and troubleshooting complex problems Interior gateway protocols such as Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System (IS-IS) are used in conjunction with the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) to provide robust, resilient performance and intelligent routing capabilities required in large-scale and complex internetworking environments. Despite the popularity of the IS-IS protocol, however, networking professionals have depended on router configuration manuals, protocol specifications, IETF RFCs, and drafts. Mastering IS-IS, regardless of its simplicity, has been a daunting task for many. IS-IS Network Design Solutions provides the first comprehensive coverage available on the IS-IS protocol. Networking professionals of all levels now have a single source for all the information needed to become true experts on the IS-IS protocol, particularly for IP routing applications. You will learn about the origins of the IS-IS protocol and the fundamental underlying concepts and then move to complex protocol mechanisms involving building, maintaining, and dissemination of the information found in the IS-IS database on a router. Subsequent discussions on IP network design issues include configuration and troubleshooting techniques, as well as case studies with practical design scenarios.

Virtual Routing in the Cloud

Virtual Routing in the Cloud PDF Author: Arvind Durai
Publisher: Cisco Press
ISBN: 0134137558
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 352

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Book Description
The Cisco expert guide to planning, deploying, and operating virtual routing with the CSR 1000V Cloud Services Router Virtual routing and the Cisco Cloud Services Router (CSR 1000V) are key enablers of today’s revolutionary shift to elastic cloud applications and low-cost virtualized networking. Now, there’s an authoritative, complete guide to building real solutions with the Cisco CSR 1000V platform. Three leading experts cover every essential building block, present key use cases and configuration examples, illuminate design and deployment scenarios, and show how the CSR 1000V platform and APIs can enable state-of-the-art software-defined networks (SDN). Drawing on extensive early adopter experience, they illuminate crucial OS and hypervisor details, help you overcome migration challenges, and offer practical guidance for monitoring and operations. This guide is an essential resource for all technical professionals planning or deploying data center and enterprise cloud services, and for all cloud network operators utilizing the Cisco CSR 1000V or future Cisco virtual routing platforms. · Review the fundamentals of cloud virtualization, multitenant data-center design, and software-defined networking · Understand the Cisco CSR 1000V’s role, features, and infrastructure requirements · Compare server hypervisor technologies for managing VM hardware with CSR 1000V deployments · Understand CSR 1000V software architecture, control and data-plane design, licensing requirements, and packet flow · Walk through common virtual router scenarios and configurations, including multiple cloud and data center examples · Integrate CSR 1000V into the OpenStack SDN framework, and use its APIs to solve specific problems · Master a best-practice workflow for deploying the CSR 1000V · Use the Cisco management tools to automate, orchestrate, and troubleshoot virtualized routing Category: Networking/Cloud Computing Covers: Cloud Services Router This book is part of the Networking Technology Series from Cisco Press, which offers networking professionals valuable information for constructing efficient networks, understanding new technologies, and building successful careers