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Monkeys, Apes, and Humans

Monkeys, Apes, and Humans PDF Author: Michael A. Huffman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 4431541527
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 62

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Book Description
(tentative) What bring about biodiversity are not always genes. As is the case with humans, cultural diversity of non-human animals has also been found. Most of well-known examples of animal cultures are those of food acquisition behaviors, such as sweet-potato-washing by Japanese macaques and nut-cracking by chimpanzees. First author, Naofumi Nakagawa, introduces cultural diversity of social behaviors in wild Japanese macaques, such as the embracing behaviors between adult females in a wild group in each population of Yakushima, Kinkazan, and Shimokita. The subtle local difference in embracing can be identified as the first evidence for social customs in wild Japanese macaques. The next author, Michael A. Huffman, introduces the self-medicative behavior in non-human primates, which is a relatively new study in primatology. Parasites cause a variety of diseases that affect the behavior and reproductive fitness of an individual. He classifies health maintenance and self-medicative behaviors observed in non-human primates into four levels. Not only humans but also apes and monkeys are maintaining their health. The third authors, Hiroo Imai, Masaki Tomonaga, and Yasuhiro Go, are promoting comparative cognitive sciences of primates including human and chimpanzees. Recently, human personal genome projects progresses as related to the phenotypes including cognition, while there was no similar project for non-human primates. They started personal genome and transcriptome projects of chimpanzees in Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, years ago. They introduce recent progresses of the project and related results based on the primate genome sciences.

Monkeys, Apes, and Humans

Monkeys, Apes, and Humans PDF Author: Michael A. Huffman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 4431541527
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 62

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Book Description
(tentative) What bring about biodiversity are not always genes. As is the case with humans, cultural diversity of non-human animals has also been found. Most of well-known examples of animal cultures are those of food acquisition behaviors, such as sweet-potato-washing by Japanese macaques and nut-cracking by chimpanzees. First author, Naofumi Nakagawa, introduces cultural diversity of social behaviors in wild Japanese macaques, such as the embracing behaviors between adult females in a wild group in each population of Yakushima, Kinkazan, and Shimokita. The subtle local difference in embracing can be identified as the first evidence for social customs in wild Japanese macaques. The next author, Michael A. Huffman, introduces the self-medicative behavior in non-human primates, which is a relatively new study in primatology. Parasites cause a variety of diseases that affect the behavior and reproductive fitness of an individual. He classifies health maintenance and self-medicative behaviors observed in non-human primates into four levels. Not only humans but also apes and monkeys are maintaining their health. The third authors, Hiroo Imai, Masaki Tomonaga, and Yasuhiro Go, are promoting comparative cognitive sciences of primates including human and chimpanzees. Recently, human personal genome projects progresses as related to the phenotypes including cognition, while there was no similar project for non-human primates. They started personal genome and transcriptome projects of chimpanzees in Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, years ago. They introduce recent progresses of the project and related results based on the primate genome sciences.

The Hunt for the Dawn Monkey

The Hunt for the Dawn Monkey PDF Author: Christopher Beard
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520233697
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 381

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Book Description
A leading authority on the primate fossile record sheds new light on the human evolutionary tree, reconstructing the early roots of modern-day humans, offering a compelling new vision of anthropoid evolution, and analyzing the relationship between humans and other primates.

Chimpanzees and Human Evolution

Chimpanzees and Human Evolution PDF Author: Martin N. Muller
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 067496795X
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 849

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Book Description
Knowledge of wild chimpanzees has expanded dramatically. This volume, edited by Martin Muller, Richard Wrangham, and David Pilbeam, brings together scientists who are leading a revolution to discover and explain human uniqueness, by studying our closest living relatives. Their conclusions may transform our understanding of human evolution.

Primate Behaviour

Primate Behaviour PDF Author: Duane Quiatt
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521498326
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 340

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Book Description
Stressing direct connections between human and nonhuman society, this book about the social life of monkeys, apes and humans emphasizes the importance of social information and knowledge in the understanding of primate behavior and organization.

Primate Sexuality

Primate Sexuality PDF Author: Alan F. Dixson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191503428
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 808

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Book Description
Primate Sexuality provides an authoritative and comprehensive synthesis of current research on the evolution and physiological control of sexual behaviour in the primates - prosimians, monkeys, apes, and human beings. This new edition has been fully updated and greatly expanded throughout to incorporate a decade of new research findings. It maintains the depth and scientific rigour of the first edition, and includes a new chapter on human sexuality, written from a comparative perspective. It contains 2600 references, almost 400 figures and photographs, and 73 tables.

Primate Sexuality

Primate Sexuality PDF Author: Alan F. Dixson
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198501824
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 564

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Book Description
Primate Sexuality is a uniquely comprehensive synthesis of our knowledge about the sexual behaviour of primates. In it, Alan Dixson reviews and integrates both the evolutionary biology and the physiological basis of sexual behaviour across the whole spectrum of primates, from prosimians tohumans. Covering almost every aspect of primate sexuality, the book begins with an analysis of the history of research into primate sexual behaviour. Several chapters discuss the complex array of mating systems exhibited by primates, and the bewildering range of tactics which influence sexualinteractions withing mating systems, and, ultimately, reproductive success. Sex selection, sperm competition, and the evolution of sexual dimorphism are explored. The book also reviews our current knowledge of the physiological aspects of sexuality, such as the sexual differentiation of the brain,hormonal mechanisms, the ovarian cycle, and the neuroendocrinal regulation of sexual behaviour. No other book written on the subject of primate sexuality exhibits such comparative breadth or technical depth. Dixson has been working on primates for almost 30 years, and has put together anoutstanding volume, drawing on and collating work spread across more than 2000 references. The work is illustrated throughout with hundreds of original drawings and figures. It will be welcomed by zoologists, anthropologists, and psychologists researching the sexual behaviour of primates, as well asby psychiatrists and clinicians with an interest in human sexuality.

Machiavellian Intelligence

Machiavellian Intelligence PDF Author: Richard W. Byrne
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN:
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 440

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Book Description
This book presents an alternative to conventional ideas about the evolution of the human intellect. Instead of placing top priority on the role of tools, the pressure for their skillful use, and the related importance of interpersonal communication as a means for enhanced cooperation, this volume explores quite a different idea-- that the driving force in the evolution of human intellect was social expertise--a force which enabled the manipulation of others within the social group, who themselves are seen as posing the most challenging problems faced by primitive humans. The need to outwit one's clever colleagues then produces an evolutionary spiraling of "Machiavellian intelligence." The book forms a complete and self-contained text on this fast-growing topic. It includes the origins of the basic premise and a wealth of exciting developments, described by an international team of authors from the fields of anthropology, psychology, and zoology. An evaluation of more traditional approaches is also undertaken, with a view to discovering to what extent Machiavellian intelligence represents a complementary concept or one that is truly an alternative. Readers and students will find this fascinating volume carries them to the frontiers of scientific work on the origin of human intellect.

Origins of Intelligence

Origins of Intelligence PDF Author: Sue Taylor Parker
Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press+ORM
ISBN: 1421410419
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 423

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Book Description
A look at the origins of cognitive abilities in primate species. Since Darwin’s time, comparative psychologists have searched for a good way to compare cognition in humans and nonhuman primates. In Origins of Intelligence, Sue Parker and Michael McKinney offer such a framework and make a strong case for using human development theory (both Piagetian and neo-Piagetian) to study the evolution of intelligence across primate species. Their approach is comprehensive, covering a broad range of social, symbolic, physical, and logical domains, which fall under the all-encompassing and much-debated term intelligence. A widely held theory among developmental psychologists and social and biological anthropologists is that cognitive evolution in humans has occurred through juvenilization—the gradual accentuation and lengthening of childhood in the evolutionary process. In this work, however, Parker and McKinney argue instead that new stages were added at the end of cognitive development in our hominid ancestors, coining the term adultification by terminal extension to explain this process. Drawing evidence from scores of studies on monkeys, great apes, and human children, this book provides unique insights into ontogenetic constraints that have interacted with selective forces to shape the evolution of cognitive development in our lineage. “The authors’ elegant theory and comprehensive empirical synthesis of how the development of human intelligence and brain evolved opens up cascading heuristic avenues for creatively answering one of the great questions in the human history of ideas.” —Jonas Langer, Human Development “A handy source of information on comparative cognitive abilities related to life history and brain variables.” —James Anderson, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute

Apes and Monkeys

Apes and Monkeys PDF Author: John Grassy
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781561565948
Category : Apes
Languages : en
Pages : 29

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Book Description
Explore the fascinating world of some of the world's primates who are amazingly like humans!

Apes and Human Evolution

Apes and Human Evolution PDF Author: Russell H. Tuttle
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674727851
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1088

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Book Description
In this masterwork, Russell H. Tuttle synthesizes a vast research literature in primate evolution and behavior to explain how apes and humans evolved in relation to one another, and why humans became a bipedal, tool-making, culture-inventing species distinct from other hominoids. Along the way, he refutes the theory that men are essentially killer apes--sophisticated but instinctively aggressive, destructive beings. Situating humans in a broad context, Tuttle musters evidence from morphology and recent fossil discoveries to reveal what early primates ate, where they slept, how they learned to walk upright, how brain and hand anatomy evolved simultaneously, and what else happened evolutionarily to cause humans to diverge from their closest relatives. Despite our genomic similarities with bonobos, chimpanzees, and gorillas, humans are unique among primates in occupying a symbolic niche of values and beliefs based on symbolically mediated cognitive processes. Although apes exhibit behaviors that strongly suggest they can think, salient elements of human culture--speech, mating proscriptions, kinship structures, and moral codes--are symbolic systems that are not manifest among apes. This encylopedic volume is both a milestone in primatological research and a critique of what is known and yet to be discovered about human and ape potential.