Network-on-Chip Architectures

Network-on-Chip Architectures PDF Author: Chrysostomos Nicopoulos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048130313
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 223

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Book Description
[2]. The Cell Processor from Sony, Toshiba and IBM (STI) [3], and the Sun UltraSPARC T1 (formerly codenamed Niagara) [4] signal the growing popularity of such systems. Furthermore, Intel’s very recently announced 80-core TeraFLOP chip [5] exemplifies the irreversible march toward many-core systems with tens or even hundreds of processing elements. 1.2 The Dawn of the Communication-Centric Revolution The multi-core thrust has ushered the gradual displacement of the computati- centric design model by a more communication-centric approach [6]. The large, sophisticated monolithic modules are giving way to several smaller, simpler p- cessing elements working in tandem. This trend has led to a surge in the popularity of multi-core systems, which typically manifest themselves in two distinct incarnations: heterogeneous Multi-Processor Systems-on-Chip (MPSoC) and homogeneous Chip Multi-Processors (CMP). The SoC philosophy revolves around the technique of Platform-Based Design (PBD) [7], which advocates the reuse of Intellectual Property (IP) cores in flexible design templates that can be customized accordingly to satisfy the demands of particular implementations. The appeal of such a modular approach lies in the substantially reduced Time-To- Market (TTM) incubation period, which is a direct outcome of lower circuit complexity and reduced design effort. The whole system can now be viewed as a diverse collection of pre-existing IP components integrated on a single die.

Sustainable Wireless Network-on-Chip Architectures

Sustainable Wireless Network-on-Chip Architectures PDF Author: Jacob Murray
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 0128036516
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 162

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Book Description
Sustainable Wireless Network-on-Chip Architectures focuses on developing novel Dynamic Thermal Management (DTM) and Dynamic Voltage and Frequency Scaling (DVFS) algorithms that exploit the advantages inherent in WiNoC architectures. The methodologies proposed—combined with extensive experimental validation—collectively represent efforts to create a sustainable NoC architecture for future many-core chips. Current research trends show a necessary paradigm shift towards green and sustainable computing. As implementing massively parallel energy-efficient CPUs and reducing resource consumption become standard, and their speed and power continuously increase, energy issues become a significant concern. The need for promoting research in sustainable computing is imperative. As hundreds of cores are integrated in a single chip, designing effective packages for dissipating maximum heat is infeasible. Moreover, technology scaling is pushing the limits of affordable cooling, thereby requiring suitable design techniques to reduce peak temperatures. Addressing thermal concerns at different design stages is critical to the success of future generation systems. DTM and DVFS appear as solutions to avoid high spatial and temporal temperature variations among NoC components, and thereby mitigate local network hotspots. Defines new complex, sustainable network-on-chip architectures to reduce network latency and energy Develops topology-agnostic dynamic thermal management and dynamic voltage and frequency scaling techniques Describes joint strategies for network- and core-level sustainability Discusses novel algorithms that exploit the advantages inherent in Wireless Network-on-Chip architectures

Designing 2D and 3D Network-on-Chip Architectures

Designing 2D and 3D Network-on-Chip Architectures PDF Author: Konstantinos Tatas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461442745
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 265

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Book Description
This book covers key concepts in the design of 2D and 3D Network-on-Chip interconnect. It highlights design challenges and discusses fundamentals of NoC technology, including architectures, algorithms and tools. Coverage focuses on topology exploration for both 2D and 3D NoCs, routing algorithms, NoC router design, NoC-based system integration, verification and testing, and NoC reliability. Case studies are used to illuminate new design methodologies.

Designing Network On-Chip Architectures in the Nanoscale Era

Designing Network On-Chip Architectures in the Nanoscale Era PDF Author: Jose Flich
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439837112
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 528

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Book Description
Going beyond isolated research ideas and design experiences, Designing Network On-Chip Architectures in the Nanoscale Era covers the foundations and design methods of network on-chip (NoC) technology. The contributors draw on their own lessons learned to provide strong practical guidance on various design issues. Exploring the design process of the network, the first part of the book focuses on basic aspects of switch architecture and design, topology selection, and routing implementation. In the second part, contributors discuss their experiences in the industry, offering a roadmap to recent products. They describe Tilera’s TILE family of multicore processors, novel Intel products and research prototypes, and the TRIPS operand network (OPN). The last part reveals state-of-the-art solutions to hardware-related issues and explains how to efficiently implement the programming model at the network interface. In the appendix, the microarchitectural details of two switch architectures targeting multiprocessor system-on-chips (MPSoCs) and chip multiprocessors (CMPs) can be used as an experimental platform for running tests. A stepping stone to the evolution of future chip architectures, this volume provides a how-to guide for designers of current NoCs as well as designers involved with 2015 computing platforms. It cohesively brings together fundamental design issues, alternative design paradigms and techniques, and the main design tradeoffs—consistently focusing on topics most pertinent to real-world NoC designers.

Modeling, Analysis and Optimization of Network-on-Chip Communication Architectures

Modeling, Analysis and Optimization of Network-on-Chip Communication Architectures PDF Author: Umit Y. Ogras
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400739583
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 174

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Book Description
Traditionally, design space exploration for Systems-on-Chip (SoCs) has focused on the computational aspects of the problem at hand. However, as the number of components on a single chip and their performance continue to increase, the communication architecture plays a major role in the area, performance and energy consumption of the overall system. As a result, a shift from computation-based to communication-based design becomes mandatory. Towards this end, network-on-chip (NoC) communication architectures have emerged recently as a promising alternative to classical bus and point-to-point communication architectures. In this dissertation, we study outstanding research problems related to modeling, analysis and optimization of NoC communication architectures. More precisely, we present novel design methodologies, software tools and FPGA prototypes to aid the design of application-specific NoCs.

Routing Algorithms in Networks-on-Chip

Routing Algorithms in Networks-on-Chip PDF Author: Maurizio Palesi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461482747
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 410

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Book Description
This book provides a single-source reference to routing algorithms for Networks-on-Chip (NoCs), as well as in-depth discussions of advanced solutions applied to current and next generation, many core NoC-based Systems-on-Chip (SoCs). After a basic introduction to the NoC design paradigm and architectures, routing algorithms for NoC architectures are presented and discussed at all abstraction levels, from the algorithmic level to actual implementation. Coverage emphasizes the role played by the routing algorithm and is organized around key problems affecting current and next generation, many-core SoCs. A selection of routing algorithms is included, specifically designed to address key issues faced by designers in the ultra-deep sub-micron (UDSM) era, including performance improvement, power, energy, and thermal issues, fault tolerance and reliability.

The Chip Is the Network

The Chip Is the Network PDF Author: Radu Marculescu
Publisher: Now Publishers Inc
ISBN: 1601981929
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 104

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Book Description
Addresses the concept of network in three different contexts representing the deterministic, probabilistic, and statistical physics-inspired design paradigms.

Network-on-Chip

Network-on-Chip PDF Author: Isiaka Alimi
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 1839681489
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 110

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Book Description
Limitations of bus-based interconnections related to scalability, latency, bandwidth, and power consumption for supporting the related huge number of on-chip resources result in a communication bottleneck. These challenges can be efficiently addressed with the implementation of a network-on-chip (NoC) system. This book gives a detailed analysis of various on-chip communication architectures and covers different areas of NoCs such as potentials, architecture, technical challenges, optimization, design explorations, and research directions. In addition, it discusses current and future trends that could make an impactful and meaningful contribution to the research and design of on-chip communications and NoC systems.

3D Integration for NoC-based SoC Architectures

3D Integration for NoC-based SoC Architectures PDF Author: Abbas Sheibanyrad
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441976183
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 278

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Book Description
This book presents the research challenges that are due to the introduction of the 3rd dimension in chips for researchers and covers the whole architectural design approach for 3D-SoCs. Nowadays the 3D-Integration technologies, 3D-Design techniques, and 3D-Architectures are emerging as interesting, truly hot, broad topics. The present book gathers the recent advances in the whole domain by renowned experts in the field to build a comprehensive and consistent book around the hot topics of three-dimensional architectures and micro-architectures. This book includes contributions from high level international teams working in this field.

Bio-Inspired Fault-Tolerant Algorithms for Network-on-Chip

Bio-Inspired Fault-Tolerant Algorithms for Network-on-Chip PDF Author: Muhammad Athar Javed Sethi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000048055
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 194

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Book Description
Network on Chip (NoC) addresses the communication requirement of different nodes on System on Chip. The bio-inspired algorithms improve the bandwidth utilization, maximize the throughput and reduce the end-to-end latency and inter-flit arrival time. This book exclusively presents in-depth information regarding bio-inspired algorithms solving real world problems focussing on fault-tolerant algorithms inspired by the biological brain and implemented on NoC. It further documents the bio-inspired algorithms in general and more specifically, in the design of NoC. It gives an exhaustive review and analysis of the NoC architectures developed during the last decade according to various parameters. Key Features: Covers bio-inspired solutions pertaining to Network-on-Chip (NoC) design solving real world examples Includes bio-inspired NoC fault-tolerant algorithms with detail coding examples Lists fault-tolerant algorithms with detailed examples Reviews basic concepts of NoC Discusses NoC architectures developed-to-date