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Technology and the Environment in History

Technology and the Environment in History PDF Author: Sara B. Pritchard
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 142143900X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 264

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Book Description
Aimed at students and scholars new to environmental history, the history of technology, and their nexus, this impressive synthesis looks outward and forward—identifying promising areas in more formative stages of intellectual development and current synergies with related areas that have emerged in the past few years, including environmental anthropology, discard studies, and posthumanism.

Technology and the Environment in History

Technology and the Environment in History PDF Author: Sara B. Pritchard
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 142143900X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 264

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Book Description
Aimed at students and scholars new to environmental history, the history of technology, and their nexus, this impressive synthesis looks outward and forward—identifying promising areas in more formative stages of intellectual development and current synergies with related areas that have emerged in the past few years, including environmental anthropology, discard studies, and posthumanism.

A History of Technology and Environment

A History of Technology and Environment PDF Author: Edward L. Golding
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781138685864
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 258

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Book Description
This book offers an accessible overview of the impact of key areas of technology on earth's environment. It makes the case that the easiest way to understand current problems is by tracing the history and development of four broad areas of technology - direct harvesting of natural resources; agriculture(and population); chemical technologies; and energy development and use. Combining approaches drawn from environmental biology and the history of science and technology, it describes the motivations behind many technological advances and the settings in which they occurred, before tracing their ultimate environmental impacts. Four broad areas of human activity are described: * Over-harvesting of natural resources using the examples of hunting, fishing and freshwater use * Farming and other land use practices * Discovery, synthesis and use of manufactured chemicals * The development of sources of artificial energy and the widespread pollution caused by power generation and energy-consuming devices These innovations have been driven by various forces, but in nearly every case, new technologies emerged out of fascinating, psychologically-rich, human experiences. This book provides an introduction to these complex developments and will be essential reading for students of science, technology and society, environmental history and the history of science and technology.

The Illusory Boundary

The Illusory Boundary PDF Author: Martin Reuss
Publisher: University of Virginia Press
ISBN: 0813929881
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 329

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Book Description
This compelling new book challenges the view that a clear and unwavering boundary exists between nature and technology. Rejecting this dichotomy, the contributors show how the history of each can be united in a constantly shifting panorama where definitions of "nature" and "technology" alter and overlap.

History of Science, Technology, Environment, and Medicine in India

History of Science, Technology, Environment, and Medicine in India PDF Author: Suvobrata Sarkar
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1000485005
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 350

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Book Description
This volume studies the concept and relevance of HISTEM (History of Science, Technology, Environment, and Medicine) in shaping the histories of colonial and postcolonial South Asia. Tracing its evolution from the establishment of the East India Company through to the early decades after the Independence of India, it highlights the ways in which the discipline has changed over the years and examines the various influences that have shaped it. Drawing on extensive case studies, the book offers valuable insights into diverse themes such as the East–West encounter, appropriation of new knowledge, science in translation and communication, electricity and urbanization, the colonial context of engineering education, science of hydrology, oil and imperialism, epidemic and empire, vernacular medicine, gender and medicine, as well as environment and sustainable development in the colonial and postcolonial milieu. An indispensable text on South Asia’s experience of modernity in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, this book will be of interest to scholars and researchers of modern South Asian studies, modern Indian history, sociology, history of science, cultural studies, colonialism, as well as studies on Science, Technology, and Society (STS).

A History of Technology and Environment

A History of Technology and Environment PDF Author: Edward L. Golding
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134867816
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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Book Description
This book provides an accessible overview of the ways that key areas of technology have impacted global ecosystems and natural communities. It offers a new way of thinking about the overall origins of environmental problems. Combining approaches drawn from environmental biology and the history of science and technology, it describes the motivations behind many technical advances and the settings in which they occurred, before tracing their ultimate environmental impacts. Four broad areas of human activity are described: over-harvesting of natural resources using the examples of hunting, fishing and freshwater use; farming, population, land use, and migration; discovery, synthesis and use of manufactured chemicals; and development of sources of artificial energy and the widespread pollution caused by power generation and energy use. These innovations have been driven by various forces, but in most cases new technologies have emerged out of fascinating, psychologically rich, human experiences. This book provides an introduction to these complex developments and will be essential reading for students of science, technology and society, environmental history, and the history of science and technology.

Technology and the Environment in State-Socialist Hungary

Technology and the Environment in State-Socialist Hungary PDF Author: Viktor Pál
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319638327
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 263

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Book Description
This book explains how and why the state-socialist regime in Hungary used technology and propaganda to foster industrialization and the conservation of natural resources simultaneously. Further, this book explains why this process was ultimately a failure. By exploring the environmental pre-history of communist Hungary before analyzing the economic development of the Kádár regime, Pál investigates how economic and environmental policies and technology transfer were negotiated between the official communist ideology and the global economic reality of capitalist markets. Pál argues that the modernization project of the Kádár regime (1956–1990) facilitated ecological consciousness – at both an individual and societal level – which provoked great social unrest when positive environmental impact was not achieved. Today, global issues of climate change, urban pollution, resource depletion, and overpopulation transcend political systems, but economic and environmental discourses varied greatly in the twentieth century. This volume is important reading for all those interested in economic and environmental history, as well as political science.

Histories of Technology, the Environment and Modern Britain

Histories of Technology, the Environment and Modern Britain PDF Author: Jon Agar
Publisher: UCL Press
ISBN: 1911576585
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 357

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Book Description
Histories of Technology, the Environment and Modern Britain brings together historians with a wide range of interests to take a uniquely wide-lens view of how technology and the environment have been intimately and irreversibly entangled in Britain over the last 300 years. It combines, for the first time, two perspectives with much to say about Britain since the industrial revolution: the history of technology and environmental history. Technologies are modified environments, just as nature is to varying extents engineered. Furthermore, technologies and our living and non-living environment are both predominant material forms of organisation – and self-organisation – that surround and make us. Both have changed over time, in intersecting ways. Technologies discussed in the collection include bulldozers, submarine cables, automobiles, flood barriers, medical devices, museum displays and biotechnologies. Environments investigated include bogs, cities, farms, places of natural beauty and pollution, land and sea. The book explores this diversity but also offers an integrated framework for understanding these intersections.

Archaeology in Environment and Technology

Archaeology in Environment and Technology PDF Author: David Frankel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134626088
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 250

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Book Description
Environments, landscapes, and ecological systems are often seen as fundamental by archaeologists, but how they relate to society is understood in very different ways. The chapters in this book take environment, culture, and technology together. All have been the focus of much attention; often one or other has been seen as the starting point for analysis, but this volume argues that it is the study of the inter-relationships between these three factors that offers a way forward. The contributions to this book pick up different strands within the tangled web of intersections between environment, technology, and society, providing a series of case studies which explore facets of this common theme in different settings and circumstances and from different perspectives. As well as addressing themes of theoretical and methodological interest, these case studies draw on primary research dealing with time periods from the late Pleistocene glacial maximum to the very recent past, and involve societies of very different types. Running through all the contributions, however, is a concern with the archaeological record and the ways in which scales of observation and availability of evidence affect the development of questions and explanations. The diversity of the chapters in this volume demonstrates the inherent weakness in any attempt to prioritise environment, technology, or society. These three factors are all embedded in any human activity, as change in one will result in change in the others: social and technical changes alter relations with the environment–and indeed the environment itself—and as environmental change drives changes in society and technology. As this book shows, it is possible to consider the relationship between the three factors from different perspectives, but any attempt to consider one or even two in isolation will mean that valuable insights will be missed.

An Environmental History of the World

An Environmental History of the World PDF Author: Johnson Donald Hughes
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415136181
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 280

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Book Description
This book is a concise history of man's interaction with the environment from Ancient to Modern times. It is an introduction to environmental history which assumes little environmental or historical knowledge.

New Natures

New Natures PDF Author: Dolly Jørgensen
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
ISBN: 0822978725
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 272

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Book Description
New Natures broadens the dialogue between the disciplines of science and technology studies (STS) and environmental history in hopes of deepening and even transforming understandings of human-nature interactions. The volume presents richly developed historical studies that explicitly engage with key STS theories, offering models for how these theories can help crystallize central lessons from empirical histories, facilitate comparative analysis, and provide a language for complicated historical phenomena. Overall, the collection exemplifies the fruitfulness of cross-disciplinary thinking. The chapters follow three central themes: ways of knowing, or how knowledge is produced and how this mediates our understanding of the environment; constructions of environmental expertise, showing how expertise is evaluated according to categories, categorization, hierarchies, and the power afforded to expertise; and lastly, an analysis of networks, mobilities, and boundaries, demonstrating how knowledge is both diffused and constrained and what this means for humans and the environment. Contributors explore these themes by discussing a wide array of topics, including farming, forestry, indigenous land management, ecological science, pollution, trade, energy, and outer space, among others. The epilogue, by the eminent environmental historian Sverker Sörlin, views the deep entanglements of humans and nature in contemporary urbanity and argues we should preserve this relationship in the future. Additionally, the volume looks to extend the valuable conversation between STS and environmental history to wider communities that include policy makers and other stakeholders, as many of the issues raised can inform future courses of action.