The Ancient Central Andes

The Ancient Central Andes PDF Author: Jeffrey Quilter
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1000584194
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 404

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Book Description
The Ancient Central Andes presents a general overview of the prehistoric peoples and cultures of the Central Andes, the region now encompassing most of Peru and significant parts of Ecuador, Bolivia, northern Chile, and northwestern Argentina. The book contextualizes past and modern scholarship and provides a balanced view of current research. Two opening chapters present the intellectual, political, and practical background and history of research in the Central Andes and the spatial, temporal, and formal dimensions of the study of its past. Chapters then proceed in chronological order from remote antiquity to the Spanish Conquest. A number of important themes run through the book, including: the tension between those scholars who wish to study Peruvian antiquity on a comparative basis and those who take historicist approaches; the concept of "Lo Andino," commonly used by many specialists that assumes long-term, unchanging patterns of culture some of which are claimed to persist to the present; and culture change related to severe environmental events. Consensus opinions on interpretations are highlighted as are disputes among scholars regarding interpretations of the past. The Ancient Central Andes provides an up-to-date, objective survey of the archaeology of the Central Andes that is much needed. Students and interested readers will benefit greatly from this introduction to a key period in South America’s past.

The Southern Central Andes

The Southern Central Andes PDF Author: Heinrich Bahlburg
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540459049
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 261

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Book Description
This volume gives an overview of the geotectonic evolution of the Central Andes. The contributions cover the whole spectrum of geoscientific research: geology, petrology, geochemistry, geophysics and geomorphology. They deal with the period from late Precambrium up to the youngest phenomena in the Quaternary. The book is of value for regional geologists as well as for scientists interested in orogenic processes related to active continental margins.

Art, Nature, and Religion in the Central Andes

Art, Nature, and Religion in the Central Andes PDF Author: Mary Strong
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292735715
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 356

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Book Description
From prehistory to the present, the Indigenous peoples of the Andes have used a visual symbol system—that is, art—to express their sense of the sacred and its immanence in the natural world. Many visual motifs that originated prior to the Incas still appear in Andean art today, despite the onslaught of cultural disruption that native Andeans have endured over several centuries. Indeed, art has always been a unifying power through which Andeans maintain their spirituality, pride, and culture while resisting the oppression of the dominant society. In this book, Mary Strong takes a significantly new approach to Andean art that links prehistoric to contemporary forms through an ethnographic understanding of Indigenous Andean culture. In the first part of the book, she provides a broad historical survey of Andean art that explores how Andean religious concepts have been expressed in art and how artists have responded to cultural encounters and impositions, ranging from invasion and conquest to international labor migration and the internet. In the second part, Strong looks at eight contemporary art types—the scissors dance (danza de tijeras), home altars (retablos), carved gourds (mates), ceramics (ceramica), painted boards (tablas), weavings (textiles), tinware (hojalateria), and Huamanga stone carvings (piedra de Huamanga). She includes prehistoric and historic information about each art form, its religious meaning, the natural environment and sociopolitical processes that help to shape its expression, and how it is constructed or performed by today’s artists, many of whom are quoted in the book.

Domestic Architecture, Ethnicity, and Complementarity in the South-Central Andes

Domestic Architecture, Ethnicity, and Complementarity in the South-Central Andes PDF Author: Mark S. Aldenderfer
Publisher: University of Iowa Press
ISBN: 1587294699
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 188

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Book Description
Domestic Architecture, Ethnicity, and Complementarity in the South-Central Andes is a comprehensive and challenging look at the burgeoning field of Andean domestic architecture. Aldenderfer and fourteen contributors use domestic architecture to explore two major topics in the prehistory of the south-central Andes: the development of different forms of complementary relationships between highland and lowland peoples and the definition of the ethnic affiliations of these peoples.

Microbial Ecosystems in Central Andes Extreme Environments

Microbial Ecosystems in Central Andes Extreme Environments PDF Author: María Eugenia Farías
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030361926
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 292

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Book Description
The Central Andean Altiplane represents a unique extreme environment due to its high altitude, closed basins that modulate the salt pans and saline wetlands surrounded by deserts, as well as the considerable influence of volcanic activity. UV radiation, arsenic content, high salinity, alkalinity and low dissolved oxygen levels, together with extreme daily temperature fluctuations and oligotrophic conditions, shape an environment that resembles the early Earth and, even more, extraterrestrial conditions. By developing simple biofilms stratified microbial mats or complex microbialites, extreme microbial ecosystems, colonize and thrived in different environments like salt flats, wetlands, lakes volcano vents, geysers and deserts. This book presents our current understanding of these amazing ecosystems, providing a basis for their protection and sustainable utilization. The main audience for this book included researchers and graduate students as well as professionals working in the government, mining industry and similar activities.

Geodynamics of a Cordilleran Orogenic System: The Central Andes of Argentina and Northern Chile

Geodynamics of a Cordilleran Orogenic System: The Central Andes of Argentina and Northern Chile PDF Author: Peter G. DeCelles
Publisher: Geological Society of America
ISBN: 0813712122
Category : Geodynamics
Languages : en
Pages : 490

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Book Description
"This memoir brings together results from a multidisciplinary study of the processes that have formed the highest, widest part of the Andean Cordilleran orogenic belt in northern Argentina and Chile. The region features a tectonically erosive forearc, protracted arc magmatism, a high-elevation hinterland plateau and strongly shortened retroarc thrust belt, and a Paleocene-Recent foreland basin system"--

Yuthu

Yuthu PDF Author: Allison R. Davis
Publisher: U OF M MUSEUM ANTHRO ARCHAEOLOGY
ISBN: 0915703777
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 208

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Book Description


Ancient Andean Political Economy

Ancient Andean Political Economy PDF Author: Charles Stanish
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292764065
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 207

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Book Description
For more than two millennia prior to the Spanish conquest, the southern region of the central Andes was home to dozens of societies, ranging from modest chiefdoms to imperial states. Attempts to understand the political and economic dynamics of this complex region have included at least two major theories in Andean anthropology. In this pathfinding study, Charles Stanish shows that they are not exclusive and competing models, but rather can be understood as variations within a larger theoretical framework. Stanish builds his arguments around a case study from the Moquequa region of Peru, augmented with data from Puno. He uses the "archaeological household" as his basic unit of analysis. This approach allows him to reconcile the now-classic model of zonal complementarity proposed by John Murra with the model of craft specialization and exchange offered by Maria Rostworowski de Diez Canseco. These models of political economy are analyzed with the concepts of economic anthropology in the tradition of Karl Polanyi. For students of archaeology, Andean studies, anthropology, and economic history, Ancient Andean Political Economy will be important reading.

Globalizations and the Ancient World

Globalizations and the Ancient World PDF Author: Justin Jennings
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139492926
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
In this book, Justin Jennings argues that globalization is not just a phenomenon limited to modern times. Instead he contends that the globalization of today is just the latest in a series of globalizing movements in human history. Using the Uruk, Mississippian, and Wari civilizations as case studies, Jennings examines how the growth of the world's first great cities radically transformed their respective areas. The cities required unprecedented exchange networks, creating long-distance flows of ideas, people, and goods. These flows created cascades of interregional interaction that eroded local behavioral norms and social structures. New, hybrid cultures emerged within these globalized regions. Although these networks did not span the whole globe, people in these areas developed globalized cultures as they interacted with one another. Jennings explores how understanding globalization as a recurring event can help in the understanding of both the past and the present.

The Art and Architecture of Ancient America

The Art and Architecture of Ancient America PDF Author: George Kubler
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300053258
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 576

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Book Description
Offers a survey of the paintings and architecture of the Mexican, Mayan, and Andean peoples