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The Square of Opposition: A Cornerstone of Thought

The Square of Opposition: A Cornerstone of Thought PDF Author: Jean-Yves Béziau
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 331945062X
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 337

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Book Description
This is a collection of new investigations and discoveries on the theory of opposition (square, hexagon, octagon, polyhedra of opposition) by the best specialists from all over the world. The papers range from historical considerations to new mathematical developments of the theory of opposition including applications to theology, theory of argumentation and metalogic.

The Square of Opposition: A Cornerstone of Thought

The Square of Opposition: A Cornerstone of Thought PDF Author: Jean-Yves Béziau
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 331945062X
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 337

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Book Description
This is a collection of new investigations and discoveries on the theory of opposition (square, hexagon, octagon, polyhedra of opposition) by the best specialists from all over the world. The papers range from historical considerations to new mathematical developments of the theory of opposition including applications to theology, theory of argumentation and metalogic.

The Logical Legacy of Nikolai Vasiliev and Modern Logic

The Logical Legacy of Nikolai Vasiliev and Modern Logic PDF Author: Vladimir Markin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319661620
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 221

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Book Description
This volume offers a wide range of both reconstructions of Nikolai Vasiliev’s original logical ideas and their implementations in the modern logic and philosophy. A collection of works put together through the international workshop "Nikolai Vasiliev’s Logical Legacy and the Modern Logic," this book also covers foundations of logic in the light of Vasiliev’s contradictory ontology. Chapters range from a look at the Heuristic and Conceptual Background of Vasiliev's Imaginary Logic to Generalized Vasiliev-style Propositions. It includes works which cover Imaginary and Non-Aristotelian Logics, Inconsistent Set Theory and the Expansion of Mathematical Thinking, Plurivalent Logic, and the Impact of Vasiliev's Imaginary Logic on Epistemic Logic. The Russian logician, Vasiliev, was widely recognized as one of the forerunners of modern non-classical logic. His "imaginary logic" developed in some of his work at the beginning of 20th century is often considered to be one of the first systems of paraconsistent and multi-valued logic. The novelty of his logical project has opened up prospects for modern logic as well as for non-classical science in general. This volume contains a selection of papers written by modern specialists in the field and deals with various aspects of Vasiliev's logical ideas. The logical legacy of Nikolai Vasiliev can serve as a promising source for developing an impressive range of philosophical interpretations, as it marries promising technical innovations with challenging philosophical insights.

Language, Logic, and Mathematics in Schopenhauer

Language, Logic, and Mathematics in Schopenhauer PDF Author: Jens Lemanski
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030330907
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 326

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Book Description
The chapters in this timely volume aim to answer the growing interest in Arthur Schopenhauer’s logic, mathematics, and philosophy of language by comprehensively exploring his work on mathematical evidence, logic diagrams, and problems of semantics. Thus, this work addresses the lack of research on these subjects in the context of Schopenhauer’s oeuvre by exposing their links to modern research areas, such as the “proof without words” movement, analytic philosophy and diagrammatic reasoning, demonstrating its continued relevance to current discourse on logic. Beginning with Schopenhauer’s philosophy of language, the chapters examine the individual aspects of his semantics, semiotics, translation theory, language criticism, and communication theory. Additionally, Schopenhauer’s anticipation of modern contextualism is analyzed. The second section then addresses his logic, examining proof theory, metalogic, system of natural deduction, conversion theory, logical geometry, and the history of logic. Special focus is given to the role of the Euler diagrams used frequently in his lectures and their significance to broader context of his logic. In the final section, chapters discuss Schopenhauer’s philosophy of mathematics while synthesizing all topics from the previous sections, emphasizing the relationship between intuition and concept. Aimed at a variety of academics, including researchers of Schopenhauer, philosophers, historians, logicians, mathematicians, and linguists, this title serves as a unique and vital resource for those interested in expanding their knowledge of Schopenhauer’s work as it relates to modern mathematical and logical study.

How Colours Matter to Philosophy

How Colours Matter to Philosophy PDF Author: Marcos Silva
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331967398X
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 323

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Book Description
This edited volume explores the different and seminal ways colours matter to philosophy. Each chapter provides an insightful analysis of one or more cases in which colours raise philosophical problems in different areas and periods of philosophy. This historically informed discussion examines both logical and linguistic aspects, covering such areas as the mind, aesthetics and the foundations of mathematics. The international contributors look at traditional epistemological and metaphysical issues on the subjectivity and objectivity of colours. In addition, they also assess phenomenological problems typical of the continental tradition and contemporary problems in the philosophy of mind. The chapters include coverage of such topics as Newton’s and Goethe’s theory of light and colours, how primary qualities are qualitative and colours are primary, explaining colour phenomenology, and colour in cognition, language and philosophy. "This book beautifully prepares the ground for the next steps in our research on and philosophising about colour" Daniel D. Hutto (University of Wollongong) "It is not an overstatement to say that How Colours to Philosophy is a ground breaking publication" Mazviita Chirimuuta (University of Pittsburgh) "Anyone interested in philosophical issues about color will find it highly stimulating." Martine Nida-Rümelin (Université de Fribourg) "The high quality papers included in this anthology succeed admirably in enriching current philosophical thinking about colour” Erik Myin (University of Antwerp) “This is certainly the most complete collection of philosophical essays on colours ever published” André Leclerc (University of Brasília) “All in all this collections represents a new milestone in the ongoing philosophical debate on colours and colour expressions” Ingolf Max (University of Leipzig)

Diagrammatic Representation and Inference

Diagrammatic Representation and Inference PDF Author: Peter Chapman
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331991376X
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 831

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Book Description
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Diagrams, Diagrams 2018, held in Edinburgh, UK, in June 2018. The 26 revised full papers and 28 short papers presented together with 32 posters were carefully reviewed and selected from 124 submissions. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: generating and drawing Euler diagrams; diagrams in mathematics; diagram design, principles and classification; reasoning with diagrams; Euler and Venn diagrams; empirical studies and cognition; Peirce and existential graphs; and logic and diagrams.

Nicholas of Cusa and the Aristotelian Tradition

Nicholas of Cusa and the Aristotelian Tradition PDF Author: Emmanuele Vimercati
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110630060
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 248

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Book Description
The volume focuses on the relation between Cusanus and Aristotle or the Aristotelian tradition. In recent years the attention on this topic has partially increased, but overall the scholarship results are still partial or provisional. The book thus aims at verifying more systematically how Aristotle and Aristotelianism have been received by Cusanus, in both their philosophical and theological implications, and how he approached the Aristotelian thought. In order to answer these questions, the papers are structured according to the traditional Aristotelian sciences and their reflection on Cusanus' thought. This allows to achieve some aspects of interest and originality: 1) the book provides a general, but systematic analysis of Aristotle's reception in Cusanus' thought, with some coherent results. 2) Also, it explores how a philosopher and theologian traditionally regarded as Neoplatonist approached Aristotle and his tradition (including Thomas Aquinas), what he accepted of it, what he rejected, and what he tried to overcome. 3) Finally, the volume verifies the attitude of a relevant Christian philosopher and theologian of the Humanistic age towards Aristotle.

Intelligence Science III

Intelligence Science III PDF Author: Zhongzhi Shi
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 303074826X
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 317

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Book Description
This book constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Intelligence Science, ICIS 2020, held in Durgapur, India, in February 2021 (originally November 2020). The 23 full papers and 4 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 42 submissions. One extended abstract is also included. They deal with key issues in brain cognition; uncertain theory; machine learning; data intelligence; language cognition; vision cognition; perceptual intelligence; intelligent robot; and medical artificial intelligence.

Diagrammatic Representation and Inference

Diagrammatic Representation and Inference PDF Author: Amrita Basu
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030860620
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 568

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Book Description
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 12th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Diagrams, Diagrams 2021, held virtually in September 2021. The 16 full papers and 25 short papers presented together with 16 posters were carefully reviewed and selected from 94 submissions. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: design of concrete diagrams; theory of diagrams; diagrams and mathematics; diagrams and logic; new representation systems; analysis of diagrams; diagrams and computation; cognitive analysis; diagrams as structural tools; formal diagrams; and understanding thought processes. 10 chapters are available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.

The Vienna Circle and Religion

The Vienna Circle and Religion PDF Author: Esther Ramharter
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030761517
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Formal Methods: Foundations and Applications

Formal Methods: Foundations and Applications PDF Author: Simone Cavalheiro
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319708481
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 305

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Book Description
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 20th Brazilian Symposium on Formal Methods, SBMF 2017, which took place in Recifel, Brazil, in November/December 2017.The 16 papers presented together with three invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 37 submissions. They are organized in the following topical sections: formal methods integration and experience reports; model checking; refinement and verification; and semantics and languages. The chapter 'Rapidly Adjustable Non-Intrusive Online Monitoring for Multi-core Systems' is published open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.